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Progressive cognitive deficits that emerge with aging are a result of complex interactions of genetic and environmental factors. Whereas much has been learned about the genetic underpinnings of these disorders, the nature of "acquired" contributing factors, and the mechanisms by which they promote progressive learning and memory dysfunction, remain largely(More)
Hippocampal population bursts ("sharp wave-ripples") occur during rest and slow-wave sleep and are thought to be important for memory consolidation. The cellular mechanisms involved are incompletely understood. Here we investigated the cellular mechanisms underlying the initiation of sharp waves using a hippocampal slice model. To this end, we used a(More)
Sharp waves (SPWs) occur in the hippocampal EEG during behaviours such as alert immobility and slow-wave sleep. Despite their widespread occurrence across brain regions and mammalian species, the functional importance of SPWs remains unknown. Experiments in the present study indicate that long-term potentiation (LTP) is significantly impaired in slices,(More)
Sharp waves (SPWs) are thought to play a major role in intrinsic hippocampal operations during states in which subcortical and cortical inputs to hippocampus are reduced. This study describes evidence that such activity occurs spontaneously in appropriately prepared rat hippocampal slices. Irregular waves, with an average frequency of approximately 4 Hz,(More)
An in vitro model of sharp waves (SPWs) and ripples was used to investigate the involvement of NMDA receptors in SPW/ripple production. Intracellular recordings from CA3 pyramidal cells confirmed that SPWs are composed of primarily excitatory currents. Unexpectedly, NMDA receptor antagonists greatly increased the size of SPWs and ripples. This effect may(More)
Spontaneous negative-going potentials occurring at an average frequency of 0.7 Hz were recorded from the dentate gyrus of slices prepared from the temporal hippocampus of young adult rats. These events (here termed "dentate waves") in several respects resembled the dentate spikes described for freely moving rats during immobile behaviors and slow-wave(More)
Memory loss in humans begins early in adult life and progresses thereafter. It is not known whether these losses reflect the failure of cellular processes that encode memory or disturbances in events that retrieve it. Here, we report that impairments in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), a form of synaptic plasticity associated with memory, are(More)
Changes in the biophysical properties of AMPA-type glutamate receptors have been proposed to mediate the expression of long-term potentiation (LTP). The present study tested if, as predicted from this hypothesis, AMPA receptor modulators differentially affect potentiated versus control synaptic currents. Whole cell recordings were collected from CA1(More)
The well-studied methods of current source density analysis use the Laplacian transform to identify locations and relative magnitudes of current sources and sinks. The method is typically used in reduced one-dimensional form for electrophysiological measures, due to technical limitations. The present paper outlines a two-dimensional method in which(More)
Tests were made for use-dependent plasticity in the cholinergic projections to hippocampus. Transient infusion of the cholinergic agonist carbachol into hippocampal slices induced rhythmic activity that persisted for hours after washout. Comparable effects were obtained with physostigmine, a drug that blocks acetylcholine breakdown and thereby enhances(More)