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OBJECTIVES Coronary occlusion and revascularization leads to myocardial damage and heart function deterioration. Statins can regress atherosclerosis and modulate platelet function, but their effect on post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) injury remains to be fully determined. We sought to examine whether rosuvastatin (R) exerts any effect on the(More)
The extent of cardiac remodeling determines survival after acute MI. However, the mechanisms driving cardiac remodeling remain unknown. We examined the effect of ischemia and reperfusion (R) on myocardial changes up to 6 days post-MI. Pigs underwent 1.5h or 4h mid-LAD balloon occlusion and sacrificed or 1.5h occlusion followed by R and sacrificed at 2.5h, 1(More)
OBJECTIVES Lipids have been detected in the ischemic myocardium of patients' post-myocardial infarction (MI). However, their effect on the cardiac healing process remains unknown. We investigated whether intramyocardial lipids affect the signaling pathways involved in the fibrotic reparative response impairing cardiac healing post-MI. METHODS Pigs, fed(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in patients support a beneficial effect of statin treatment early after acute coronary syndrome and/or prior percutaneous coronary intervention. However, statin effect during total occlusion remains unknown. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether infusion of activated simvastatin during ischemia and prior reperfusion and oral administration(More)
AIMS Molecular chaperones constitute protectors of intracellular protein integrity and seem to confer short-term defence against various cell insults. Myocardial damage is associated to a loss of protective chaperones. Ischemic post-conditioning (IPost-Co) is a procedure that seems to protect against reperfusion injury. However, little is known on(More)
Inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzymeA reductase are widely used in the management and prevention of cardiovascular disease. In addition to its major activity, plasma lipid lowering, statins have shown a wide spectrum of additional effects that may contribute to their benefits in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Our objective was to(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypercholesterolemia induces endothelial dysfunction, a hallmark of the atherosclerotic process, modulating the expression of key genes in vascular endothelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS By differential display analysis, we have studied the effect of high concentrations of native low density lipoprotein (LDL) on endothelial gene expression. mRNA(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES The Mediterranean diet, rich in polyphenols, has shown to be cardioprotective. However the mechanisms involved remain unknown. We investigated whether supplementation with a pomegranate extract rich in polyphenols renders beneficial effects on coronary function in a clinically relevant experimental model and characterized the(More)
Acute thrombosis is a threat in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation. Our objective was to determine if stent-induced thrombus formation could be inhibited by oral treatment with a thromboxane A(2)/prostaglandin H(2) receptor antagonist (TPr; S18886) as an alternative to standard therapy. Pigs were allocated in the(More)
LRP5 (low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5) activates canonical Wnt signalling. LRP5 plays multiple roles including regulation of lipoprotein and cholesterol homeostasis as well as innate immunity cell function. However, it is not known whether LRP5 has a role in the myocardium. The aim of this study was to investigate LRP5 and Wnt signalling(More)