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In adrenocortical and Leydig cells PKA activation by trophic hormones increases the activity of protein tyrosine phosphatases and also induces the expression of MAP kinase phosphatase 1 (MKP-1), a dual activity protein phosphatase (serine/threonine and tyrosine). This work summarizes the knowledge on the regulation and the role played by cAMP-activated(More)
In Leydig cells, LH and cAMP promote ERK1/2 activation and MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) induction. MKP-1 up-regulation, which involves post-translational modifications such as ERK1/2-mediated phosphorylation, reduces ERK1/2 phosphorylation as well as Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory (StAR) protein expression and steroidogenesis. As LH- and cAMP-promoted StAR(More)
Cardiac left ventricle hypertrophy (LVH) constitutes a major risk factor for heart failure. Although LVH is most commonly caused by chronic elevation in arterial blood pressure, reduction of blood pressure to normal levels does not always result in regression of LVH, suggesting that additional factors contribute to the development of this pathology. We(More)
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