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The neural substrate of the phenomenological experience of a stable visual world remains obscure. One possible mechanism would be to construct spatiotopic neural maps where the response is selective to the position of the stimulus in external space, rather than to retinal eccentricities, but evidence for these maps has been inconsistent. Here we show, with(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the reorganisation of the somatosensory system after early brain lesions. METHODS We studied 12 young patients with congenital hemiplegia. Causative lesions were brain malformations, periventricular injuries and cortico-subcortical lesions. We explored the somatosensory system using evoked potentials, fMRI during sensory stimulation(More)
Several studies on structural MRI in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have mainly focused on samples prevailingly consisting of males. Sex differences in brain structure are observable since infancy and therefore caution is required in transferring to females the results obtained for males. The neuroanatomical phenotype of female children with(More)
PURPOSE To study the normal dependence of cerebral perfusion changes on age, to measure values of perfusion early in life, and to create a reference dataset. MATERIALS AND METHODS Perfusion maps were collected from a total of 44 healthy subjects (from four to 78 years old) using the arterial spin labeling (ASL) technique. The population was(More)
In natural scenes, objects rarely occur in isolation but appear within a spatiotemporal context. Here, we show that the perceived size of a stimulus is significantly affected by the context of the scene: brief previous presentation of larger or smaller adapting stimuli at the same region of space changes the perceived size of a test stimulus, with larger(More)
Many neurons in the monkey visual extrastriate cortex have receptive fields that are affected by gaze direction. In humans, psychophysical studies suggest that motion signals may be encoded in a spatiotopic fashion. Here we use functional magnetic resonance imaging to study spatial selectivity in the human middle temporal cortex (area MT or V5), an area(More)
Right-hemispheric organisation of language has been observed following early left-sided brain lesions. The role of the site of damage is still controversial, as other aspects influence the pattern of speech organisation including timing of the lesion and the presence of epilepsy. We studied a group of 10 term-born children homogeneous for timing/type of(More)
Human and monkey studies clearly show that the anterior intraparietal area (AIP) is crucial for hand-related visuomotor transformations. Human AIP activates also during observation of hand actions, involving it in the mirror system. It is not known, however, whether its activation can also reflect a difference in the complexity of the observed action. In(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors contribute since infancy to sexual dimorphism in regional brain structures of subjects with typical development. However, the neuroanatomical differences between male and female children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are an intriguing and still poorly investigated issue. This study aims to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the diagnostic yield of 7T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting and characterizing structural lesions in patients with intractable focal epilepsy and unrevealing conventional (1.5 or 3T) MRI. METHODS We conducted an observational clinical imaging study on 21 patients (17 adults and 4 children) with intractable focal epilepsy,(More)