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Alveolar macrophages (AM) have been found to suffer significant functional deficits in response to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure. The present investigation examined changes in the activation of AM arachidonate metabolism and superoxide production in response to an environmentally relevant level of NO2. Rats were exposed to 0.5 ppm NO2 for periods of(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of laparoscopy simulators remains controversial. METHODS This was a comparative prospective study that evaluated the impact of simulator training on technical competence during a real surgical procedure. Residents were divided into 3 groups: the Mcgill Inanimate System for Training and Evaluation of Laparoscopic Skills (MISTELS)(More)
Microdeletion of chromosome 22q11.2, the most common human deletion syndrome encompasses a wide spectrum of abnormalities. Many clinical or ultrasonographic findings may support deletion studies, either in utero or in the post-natal period. The objective of our study was to evaluate the circumstances of 22q11.2 deletion diagnosis in a single centre of(More)
BACKGROUND Segmental reversal of the small bowel (SRSB) is proposed in patients with short-bowel syndrome (SBS) as a rehabilitative therapy, but its effects on absorption have not been studied. OBJECTIVE We aimed to determine intestinal macronutrient absorption and home parenteral nutrition (HPN) dependence in SBS patients with intestinal failure. (More)
Ninety-seven Nigerian children under 5 years of age had typhoid or paratyphoid fever proved by blood culture. The presented with fever, anaemia, gastrointestinal or neurological disturbances, and typhoid and paratyphoid appeared clinically indistinguishible. In this holoendemic malarial area, malaria was the most important differential diagnosis, and may(More)
INTRODUCTION Hemorrhage after pancreaticoduodenectomy is a life-threatening complication, which occurs in 4% to 16% of cases, even in experienced centers. Many diagnostic and therapeutic options exist but no one has yet established management guidelines. This study aimed to determine the role of conservative management in delayed hemorrhage. PATIENTS AND(More)
EX645 is a derivative of Salmonella typhi Ty21a which carries a plasmid specifying production of Vibrio cholerae O antigen. When cultured with exogenous galactose to overcome the galE defect of the vector, EX645 also synthesizes S. typhi O antigen, and this can result in the masking of the shorter V. cholerae O antigen on the bacterial surface. To determine(More)
The short-term kinetics and the effects of different dose regimens and formulations on the humoral immune response induced in human subjects by the live attenuated typhoid vaccine Salmonella typhi Ty21a were examined. Antibody responses in jejunal fluid and serum and by specific antibody production in vitro by peripheral blood lymphocytes to S. typhi(More)
Fluctuations of psychophysiological efficiency during the menstrual cycle and the effect of hormonal contraceptives were explored. 32 female athletes, aged 15-18, were subjected to a psycho-physiological test battery during 4 menstrual cycles. Administration of Gravistat and Non-Ovlon began with the 3rd cycle. The test included measuring flicker fusion(More)