Laura Bartolini

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1. The effects of histamine and agents at histamine receptors on spontaneous and 100 mM K(+)-evoked release of acetylcholine, measured by microdialysis from the cortex of freely moving, rats, and on cognitive tests are described. 2. Local administration of histamine (0.1-100 microM) failed to affect spontaneous but inhibited 100 mM K(+)-stimulated release(More)
The nucleus basalis of male Charles River Wistar rats was injected with 10 micrograms of the beta-amyloid peptides beta-(1-40) and beta-(25-35) and changes in the morphology of the lesioned area, the release of acetylcholine from the cortex, and in behavior were investigated. Injections of saline and a scrambled (25-35) peptide were used as controls. One(More)
The activation of the cortical cholinergic system was investigated in 3- and 25-month-old male Wistar rats, by measuring by transversal microdialysis the changes in cortical extracellular acetylcholine (ACh) levels during the performance of simple spontaneous tasks involving exploratory activity and working memory. Two days after implantation of the(More)
Object recognition was investigated in adult and aging male rats in a two-trials, unrewarded, test that assessed a form of working-episodic memory. Exploration time in the first trial, in which two copies of the same object were presented, was recorded. In the second trial, in which one of the familiar objects and a new object were presented, the time spent(More)
In previous research we found that pre-training administration of histamine H3 receptor agonists such as (R)-alpha-methylhistamine and imetit impaired rat performance in object recognition and a passive avoidance response at the same doses at which they inhibited the release of cortical acetylcholine in vivo. Conversely, in the present study we report that(More)
The effects of metrifonate were investigated in 4-6- and 22-24-month-old rats. Extracellular acetylcholine levels were measured by transversal microdialysis in vivo. Baseline extracellular acetylcholine levels in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus were 42% and 60% lower, respectively, in old than in young rats. Old rats did not discriminate between(More)
The effects of GM1 ganglioside (30 mg/kg i.p.) administration for 22 days on choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity and noradrenaline (NA) levels in the cerebral cortex and on the acquisition of active and passive avoidance-conditioned responses were investigated in both sham-operated rats and in rats with a unilateral electrolytic lesion of the(More)
Male Wistar rats (3- and 20-month-old) were perfused i.c.v. with 1.5 micrograms of either nerve growth factor (NGF) or cytochrome C daily for 14 days. At the end of the infusion, the object-recognition test was carried out and extracellular acetylcholine levels (ACh) were measured in the cortex and hippocampus by transversal microdialysis technique. In(More)