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PURPOSE Ultrasound imaging has improved the treatment of prostate cancer by producing increasingly higher quality images and influencing sophisticated targeting procedures for the insertion of radioactive seeds during brachytherapy. However, it is critical that the needles be placed accurately within the prostate to deliver the therapy to the planned(More)
PURPOSE    Ultrasound is prevalent in image-guided therapy as a safe, inexpensive, and widely available imaging modality. However, extensive training in interpreting ultrasound images is essential for successful procedures. An open-source ultrasound image simulator was developed to facilitate the training of ultrasound-guided spinal intervention procedures,(More)
Abstract In order to get better characterization of androgenic hormones on the functionality of the alpha(2)-adrenergic system and widen our previous studies, we investigated the effect of clonidine on the growth hormone (GH) secretion in male Wistar rats of various ages: 7-, 14- and 30-day old and adult, adult male castrated rats with and without(More)
Human small-cell lung-cancer cells (SCLC) produce and secrete gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), the mammalian equivalent of bombesin (BN). There is some evidence to suggest that GRP is an autocrine regulator of SCLC cell growth. In the search for potent BN antagonists, several substance-P (SP) analogs were found to inhibit the growth of SCLC cells. We found(More)
Seven days after adrenalectomy (ADX) the number of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)- and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)-immunoreactive cells in the parvocellular part of the rat paraventricular nucleus (PVN) increased markedly. Dexamethasone in the drinking water (started immediately after ADX) or its local implantation around the hypothalamic PVN(More)
To examine the hypothesis that the increased adrenocortical activity during lactation induced the loss of the prolactin (PRL) -releasing effect of morphine, we studied the effect of morphine in adrenalectomized (ADX) and sham-operated primiparous lactating Wistar rats. Animals were adrenalectomized 4 days after delivery. On day 11 of lactation (7 days after(More)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines produce and secrete various peptide hormones, e.g. bombesin (BN)/gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) like peptides that are proposed to function as their autocrine growth factors. To inhibit the proliferative effect of these hormones we have synthesized short chain BN[7-14]-analogues replacing the C-terminal peptide bond(More)
The relationship between opioidergic and alpha 2-adrenergic system in the regulation of GH secretion was studied using a novel alpha 2-antagonist, CH-38083, and chronic treatment with yohimbine or clonidine. In male Wistar rats morphine (3 mg/kg s.c.), and clonidine (31 micrograms/kg i.p.) induced a significant increase in plasma GH levels. The pretreatment(More)
We studied the effect of dexamethasone (DEX) implantation in male Wistar rats to elucidate the site of action of morphine-induced prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (B) secretion. DEX or cholesterol was implanted in the close vicinity of the paraventricular (PVN), or the arcuate nuclei (ARN) of the(More)