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PURPOSE    Ultrasound is prevalent in image-guided therapy as a safe, inexpensive, and widely available imaging modality. However, extensive training in interpreting ultrasound images is essential for successful procedures. An open-source ultrasound image simulator was developed to facilitate the training of ultrasound-guided spinal intervention procedures,(More)
Abstract In order to get better characterization of androgenic hormones on the functionality of the alpha(2)-adrenergic system and widen our previous studies, we investigated the effect of clonidine on the growth hormone (GH) secretion in male Wistar rats of various ages: 7-, 14- and 30-day old and adult, adult male castrated rats with and without(More)
To examine the hypothesis that the increased adrenocortical activity during lactation induced the loss of the prolactin (PRL) -releasing effect of morphine, we studied the effect of morphine in adrenalectomized (ADX) and sham-operated primiparous lactating Wistar rats. Animals were adrenalectomized 4 days after delivery. On day 11 of lactation (7 days after(More)
The relationship between opioidergic and alpha 2-adrenergic system in the regulation of GH secretion was studied using a novel alpha 2-antagonist, CH-38083, and chronic treatment with yohimbine or clonidine. In male Wistar rats morphine (3 mg/kg s.c.), and clonidine (31 micrograms/kg i.p.) induced a significant increase in plasma GH levels. The pretreatment(More)
We studied the effect of dexamethasone (DEX) implantation in male Wistar rats to elucidate the site of action of morphine-induced prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (B) secretion. DEX or cholesterol was implanted in the close vicinity of the paraventricular (PVN), or the arcuate nuclei (ARN) of the(More)
The effect of dexamethasone (DEX) treatment (400 and 200 micrograms/kg BW 21 and 2 h before suckling stimulus, respectively) on suckling- and domperidone (DOMP)-induced PRL release was investigated in freely moving, primiparous lactating rats. DEX completely blocked suckling-induced plasma PRL release without affecting DOMP-induced release of the hormone(More)
Seven days after adrenalectomy (ADX) the number of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)- and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)-immunoreactive cells in the parvocellular part of the rat paraventricular nucleus (PVN) increased markedly. Dexamethasone in the drinking water (started immediately after ADX) or its local implantation around the hypothalamic PVN(More)
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