Laura Andrews

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Fabry disease is a lysosomal storage disease arising from deficiency of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. Two recombinant protein therapeutics, Fabrazyme (agalsidase beta) and Replagal (agalsidase alfa), have been approved in Europe as enzyme replacement therapies for Fabry disease. Both contain the same human enzyme, alpha-galactosidase A, but they are(More)
Recombinant human acid sphingomyelinase (rhASM) is being developed as an enzyme replacement therapy for patients with acid sphingomyelinase deficiency (Niemann-Pick disease types A and B), which causes sphingomyelin to accumulate in lysosomes. In the acid sphingomyelinase knock-out (ASMKO) mouse, intravenously administered rhASM reduced tissue sphingomyelin(More)
The development of mAbs remains high on the therapeutic agenda for the majority of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies. Often, the only relevant species for preclinical safety assessment of mAbs are non-human primates (NHPs), and this raises important scientific, ethical and economic issues. To investigate evidence-based opportunities to minimize the(More)
Pompe disease results in the accumulation of lysosomal glycogen in multiple tissues due to a deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). Enzyme replacement therapy for Pompe disease was recently approved in Europe, the U.S., Canada, and Japan using a recombinant human GAA (Myozyme, alglucosidase alfa) produced in CHO cells (CHO-GAA). During the development(More)
Although toxicology studies should always be conducted in pharmacologically relevant species, the specificity of many biopharmaceuticals can present challenges in identification of a relevant species. In certain cases, that is, when the clinical product is active only in humans or chimpanzees, or if the clinical candidate is active in other species but(More)
For chronic use biotechnology-derived pharmaceuticals, toxicity studies of 6 months have generally been accepted for regulatory approval. This review assessed the data for 23 approved biotechnology-derived pharmaceuticals to determine whether the studies conducted were predictive of human safety and whether there is new data from approved products(More)
It has been predicted that the use of non-human primates (NHPs) is going to increase considerably in the development of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Opportunities exist to focus on a rigorous, science-based approach to drug development, however, which will minimize this increase. In this article, the authors review current and future NHP use in mAb(More)
The changing environment of monoclonal antibody (mAb) development is impacting on the cost of drug development and the use of experimental animals, particularly non-human primates (NHPs). The drive to reduce these costs is huge and involves rethinking and improving nonclinical studies to make them more efficient and more predictive of man. While NHP use(More)
Fc receptors are a critical component of the innate immune system responsible for the recognition of cross-linked antibodies and the subsequent clearance of pathogens. However, in autoimmune diseases, these receptors play a role in the deleterious action of self-directed antibodies and as such are candidate targets for treatment. GMA161 is an aglycosyl,(More)
When cross-reactivity of a lead antibody across species is limited, antibody development programs require the generation of surrogate molecules or surrogate animal models necessary for the conduct of preclinical pharmacology and safety studies. When surrogate approaches are employed, the complexities and challenges for translation of preclinical safety and(More)