Laura Alicia Geracitano

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In this review, recent developments in monitoring toxicological responses in estuarine animals are analyzed, considering the biomarker responses to different classes of pollutants. The estuarine environment imposes stressful conditions to the organisms that inhabit it, and this situation can alter their sensitivity to many pollutants. The specificity of(More)
Studies have shown that supplementation with berries rich in anthocyanins are effective in reducing oxidative stress associated with aging, and are beneficial in reversing age-related neuronal and behavioral changes. However, there are few reports on other biological activities of these polyphenols, such as genoprotective effects. The present experiments(More)
Microcystins produced by cyanobacteria are potent inhibitors of some protein phosphatases, but recent evidence also indicates its potential to generate oxidative stress. In the present study, the effects of microcystin raw extracts (Mic; 0.01 and 20microg/L) and purified okadaic acid (OA; 0.01 and 10microg/L) on short- and long-term memory alteration and(More)
This study investigated the passive avoidance conditioning in zebrafish (Danio rerio). An instrument was developed for measuring escape responses triggered by a conditioned stimulus. This system allowed quantification of latency of crossing from a light to a dark zone. Zebrafish were trained to swim from an illuminated to a dark compartment, where they(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are subproducts of the oxidative metabolism known to initiate chain reactions with polyunsaturated fatty acids that generate lipid peroxides (LPO). The objective of this work was to adapt the ferrous oxidation/xylenol orange (FOX) assay to measure LPO in invertebrate tissues i.e.: from polychaeta (Laeonereis acuta) and crab(More)
Acute (4 days) and chronic (14 days) effects of copper were evaluated on the antioxidant defenses of Laeonereis acuta (Polychaeta) collected in unpolluted (UP) and polluted (P) sites. In the acute assay (125 and 250 micro g Cu/l) superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activities did not change, whereas catalase (CAT) increased in(More)
In fishes, arsenic (As) is absorbed via the gills and is capable of causing disturbance to the antioxidant system. The objective of present study was to evaluate antioxidant responses after As exposure in gills of zebrafish (Danio rerio, Cyprinidae). Fish were exposed for 48 h to three concentration of As, including the highest As concentration allowed by(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze the total antioxidant capacity (TOSC), generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) in the different body regions of the estuarine polychaeta Laeonereis acuta (Nereididae) sampled at non-polluted (NOPOL) and polluted (POL) sites from Lagoa dos Patos (Southern Brazil). Organisms collected at(More)
We have evaluated the homology of the electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) core sequence, a binding site for the Nrf2 transcription factor, in the proximal promoters of the mouse and zebrafish glutathione-S-transferase (gst), glutamate cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (gclc) and heat shock protein 70 (hsp70) genes. The EpRE sites identified for both(More)
The photoprotector role of pigment dispersion in the melanophores of the crab, Chasmagnathus granulata, against DNA and oxidative damages caused by UV-A and UV-B was investigated. Intact and eyestalkless crabs were used. In eyestalkless crabs, the dorsal epidermis of the cephalothorax (dispersed melanophores) and the epidermis of pereiopods (aggregated(More)