participants of the Correspondence Theory Seminar at UMass (Spring 1995), and an anonymous reviewer. I am grateful to John McCarthy for insightful comments and guidance during each stage of research. Special thanks to Laura Benua for many inspiring discussions. All errors are my own. A leading idea in Optimality Theory is parallelism of constraint… (More)
While current syntactic theory provides different structural positions for objects that trigger object agreement and objects that do not (e.g. Mahajan 1990, Georgopoulos 1992), it does not yet provide a complete answer to the question of which objects will occupy which of these positions and why, especially in a pattern of agreement as complex as the one in… (More)
Pneumocystis jirovecii is a major cause of life-threatening pneumonia in immunosuppressed patients including transplant recipients and those with HIV/AIDS, yet surprisingly little is known about the biology of this fungal pathogen. Here we report near complete genome assemblies for three Pneumocystis species that infect humans, rats and mice. Pneumocystis… (More)
The effects of a single convulsive dose of pentylenetetrazol (PTZ, 45 mg/kg i.p.) on rat brain ␥-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA A) receptors were studied. Selected GABA A receptor subunit mRNAs were measured by Northern blot analysis (with ␤-actin mRNA as a standard). Four hours after PTZ, the GABA A receptor ␥ 2-mRNA was decreased in hippocampus, cerebral… (More)
Two studies examined racial identity (RI) as a protective factor against substance use cognitions among African American young adults who either envisioned or experienced racial discrimination. In Study 1, participants envisioned a discrimination or nondiscrimination scenario, and then their willingness to use drugs and an indirect measure of substance use… (More)
This study examined the impact of ultraviolet (UV) photography, cognition versus affect, and age on women's sun-related cognitions and a proxy measure of sun protection behavior. Participants (N = 114) were recruited via public advertisements and came to the lab to view a photo showing their UV damage. In addition, some participants received instructions to… (More)
Thanks also to Armin Mester for his long-ago reactions to a draft of another paper that contained some of this material, to Alan Prince for many helpful remarks along the way, and especially to Laura Benua for extensive discussion of the theory and its applications. Faithfulness constraints have been an essential part of Optimality Theory since its… (More)
for their comments and questions. We owe a special debt to Junko Itô and Armin Mester, who reviewed a draft of the NELS handout and provided much useful feedback.