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BACKGROUND The rationale and lessons learned through the evolution of the National Survey for the Susceptibility of Bacteroides fragilis Group from its initiation in 1981 through 2007 are reviewed here. The survey was conceived in 1980 to track emerging antimicrobial resistance in Bacteroides species. METHODS Data from the last 11 years of the survey(More)
The interactions of daptomycin with gentamicin and 5 beta-lactam agents were determined by checkerboard and timed-kill studies. Eighty isolates were tested by checkerboard: 20 each of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), vancomycin-susceptible Enterococcus faecalis (VSEF) and(More)
Antimicrobial resistance, including plasmid-mediated resistance, among the species of the Bacteroides fragilis group is well documented. An analysis of the in vitro susceptibility of B. fragilis group species referred between 1995 and 1996 as well as during a 7-year (1990 to 1996), prospective, multicenter survey of over 4,000 clinical isolates of B.(More)
Doripenem was evaluated against 527 recent clinical isolates, i.e., 404 Bacteroides fragilis isolates and 123 gram-positive anaerobe isolates. Against B. fragilis, doripenem was as active as imipenem, meropenem, and piperacillin-tazobactam and more active than ertapenem or ampicillin-sulbactam. Doripenem was active against isolates resistant to ertapenem,(More)
BACKGROUND Candidaemia is often treated with fluconazole in the absence of susceptibility testing. We examined factors associated with candidaemia caused by Candida isolates with reduced susceptibility to fluconazole. METHODS We identified consecutive episodes of candidaemia at two hospitals from 2001 to 2007. Species identification followed CLSI(More)
The susceptibility trends for the species of the Bacteroides fragilis group against various antibiotics from 1997 to 2004 were determined by using data for 5,225 isolates referred by 10 medical centers. The antibiotic test panel included ertapenem, imipenem, meropenem, ampicillin-sulbactam, piperacillin-tazobactam, cefoxitin, clindamycin, moxifloxacin,(More)
BACKGROUND Several newer generation fluoroquinolones have demonstrated good in vitro activity against Bacteroides species; particularly when first introduced. However, resistance of Bacteroides to quinolones appears to be increasing. MATERIALS AND METHODS From 1994 to 2001, consecutive non-duplicated Bacteroides isolates from clinical specimens in 12 US(More)
We evaluated in vitro activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam (TOL-TAZ), formerly CXA-201, against recent clinical anaerobic isolates with emphasis on the Bacteroides fragilis group. Ceftolozane-tazobactam showed good activity against B. fragilis species and intermediate to limited activity against other species of Bacteroides. Ceftolozane-tazobactam showed very(More)
The results of a multicenter US survey using the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards currently recommended methodology for measuring in vitro susceptibility of 2673 isolates of Bacteroides fragilis group species were compared from 1997 to 2000. The test panel consisted of 14 antibiotics: 3 carbapenems, 3 beta-lactam-beta-lactamase(More)
Antimicrobial resistance, including plasmid-mediated resistance, among Bacteroides fragilis group species is well documented. A 5-year (1990-1994) prospective, eight-center survey of 3,177 clinical isolates of Bacteroides species was undertaken to review trends in resistance, using the breakpoints for full and intermediate susceptibility established by the(More)