Laura A Kennedy

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Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) plays a critical role in connective tissue remodeling by fibroblasts during development, tissue repair, and fibrosis. We investigated the molecular pathways in the transmission of TGFbeta signals that lead to features of connective tissue remodeling, namely formation of an alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA)(More)
Huntington disease is caused by the expansion of a CAG repeat encoding an extended glutamine tract in a protein called huntingtin. Although the mutant protein is widely expressed, the earliest and most striking neuropathological changes are observed in the striatum. Here we show dramatic mutation length increases (gains of up to 1000 CAG repeats) in human(More)
OBJECTIVE Fibrosis is excessive scarring caused by the accumulation and contraction of extracellular matrix proteins and is a common end pathway in many chronic diseases, including scleroderma (systemic sclerosis [SSc]). Indeed, pulmonary fibrosis is a major cause of death in SSc. Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) induces endothelin 1 (ET-1) in(More)
Fibrosis is excessive scarring caused by the accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins and is a common end pathway in many chronic diseases. Endothelin-1 is a possible contributor to the persistent fibrotic phenotype of fibroblasts isolated from fibrotic lesions. In this report we used a specific dual endothelin A/B receptor antagonist, bosentan, to(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is an inherited, late onset, progressive neurodegenerative disorder. Primary degeneration appears to selectively occur in striatal medium spiny neurones but this is most likely preceded by a period of neuronal dysfunction. Altered levels of neurotransmitter receptors may disrupt neuronal function and contribute to a toxic environment(More)
An unstable CAG triplet repeat expansion encoding a polyglutamine stretch within the ubiquitously expressed protein huntingtin is responsible for causing Huntington's disease (HD). By quantifying the repeat sizes of individual mutant alleles in tissues derived from an accurate genetic mouse model of HD we show that the mutation becomes very unstable in(More)
CCN2 is induced by transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) in fibroblasts and is overexpressed in connective tissue disease. CCN2 has been proposed to be a downstream mediator of TGFbeta action in fibroblasts; however, the role of CCN2 in regulating this process unclear. By using embryonic fibroblasts isolated from ccn2-/- mice, we showed that CCN2 is(More)
Scarring is characterized by excessive synthesis and contraction of extracellular matrix. Here, we show that fibroblasts from scarred (lesional) areas of patients with the chronic fibrotic disorder diffuse scleroderma [diffuse systemic sclerosis (dSSc)] show an enhanced ability to adhere to and contract extracellular matrix, relative to fibroblasts from(More)
T cells expressing T-cell receptor (TcR)-gamma delta and CD8 represent a significant population in mouse and chicken intra-epithelial lymphocytes (IEL) but represent a minor population in human IEL. We examined the TcR-gamma delta usage and co-expression of CD5, CD4, CD8 and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II on isolated sheep IEL and lamina(More)