Laura A. Demopoulos

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BACKGROUND There is continued debate as to whether a routine, early invasive strategy is superior to a conservative strategy for the management of unstable angina and myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation. METHODS We enrolled 2220 patients with unstable angina and myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation who had electrocardiographic(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to evaluate B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) for risk assessment and clinical decision making over a range of cut points, alone and with cardiac troponin I (cTnI), in patients with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (ACS). BACKGROUND B-type natriuretic peptide holds promise for risk stratification. Additional(More)
CONTEXT Women who present with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) have different characteristics than men. Reports have conflicted about whether different outcomes exist for women with use of a routine invasive management strategy. However, these studies were performed prior to the widespread use of platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors and intracoronary(More)
BACKGROUND In the setting of percutaneous coronary revascularization, agents in the class known as platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors have significantly reduced the incidence of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction at 30 days. We assessed whether there are differences in safety or efficacy between two such inhibitors, tirofiban and abciximab. (More)
CONTEXT Cardiac troponins I (cTnI) and T (cTnT) are useful for assessing prognosis in patients with unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI). However, the use of cardiac troponins for predicting benefit of an invasive vs conservative strategy in this patient population is not clear. OBJECTIVE To prospectively test(More)
In the management of unstable angina and non-Q-wave acute myocardial infarction (AMI), there is considerable debate regarding the use of invasive strategy versus conservative strategy. The Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) III B trial found similar clinical outcomes for the 2 strategies, but the Veterans Administration Non-Q-Wave Infarction(More)
BACKGROUND Although increasing age is an important risk factor for adverse outcome among patients with acute coronary syndromes, elderly patients are more often managed conservatively. OBJECTIVE To examine outcome according to age and management strategy for patients with unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha), which we and others have shown to be elevated in patients with severe congestive heart failure (CHF), is involved in the regulation of nitric oxide metabolism. Whether increased concentrations of TNF alpha affect nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation in patients with CHF has not been studied previously. (More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of the study were to 1) assess the effects of 12 weeks of exercise training at low work loads (i.e., corresponding to < or = 50% of peak oxygen consumption [Vo2]) on peak Vo2 and hyperemic calf blood flow in patients with severe congestive heart failure; and 2) evaluate left ventricular diastolic pressure and wall stress during exercise(More)
CONTEXT In the Treat Angina with Aggrastat and Determine Cost of Therapy with an Invasive or Conservative Strategy (TACTICS)-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 18 trial, patients with either unstable angina or non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI) treated with the platelet glycoprotein (Gp IIb/IIIa) inhibitor tirofiban had a(More)