Laufred I. Hernandez

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Dopamine was measured by microdialysis in the nucleus accumbens of freely moving rats while they experienced rewarding food, brain stimulation and drugs. Extracellular dopamine increased 37% when the animals pressed a lever for food reward. Electrical stimulation of a lateral hypothalamic feeding-reward (self-stimulation) site caused a similar increase in(More)
Intronless genes can arise by germline retrotransposition of a cDNA originating as mRNA from an intron-containing source gene. Previously, we described several members of a family of intronless mammalian genes encoding a novel class of zinc-finger proteins, including one that shows imprinted expression and one that escapes X-inactivation. We report here the(More)
A stage critical in mammalian development is embryo implantation. At this point, the blastocyst establishes a close interaction with the uterine tissues, a step necessary for its continued embryonic development. In many mammalian species, including man, uterine expression of the cytokine, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is coincident with the onset of(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) expression in the uterus is essential for embryo implantation in mice. Here we describe the spatial and temporal regulation of LIF signaling in vivo by using tissues isolated from uteri on different days over the implantation period. During this time, LIF receptors are expressed predominantly in the luminal epithelium (LE)(More)
Application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as the standard treatment for sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) is a moot point. Studies on the effectiveness of this treatment have been challenged because of the lack of a suitable placebo. The recent description of a true placebo (sham CPAP) prompted us to conduct a randomized trial of CPAP or(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a neurobehavioural disorder characterized by neonatal respiratory depression, hypotonia and failure to thrive in infancy, followed by hyperphagia and obesity among other symptoms. PWS is caused by the loss of one or more paternally expressed genes on chromosome 15q11-q13, which can be due to gene deletions, maternal(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is caused by the loss of expression of imprinted genes in chromosome 15q11-q13. Affected individuals exhibit neonatal hypotonia, developmental delay and childhood-onset obesity. Necdin, a protein implicated in the terminal differentiation of neurons, is the only PWS candidate gene to reduce viability when disrupted in a mouse(More)
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is worldwide considered as the standard treatment of sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) although studies on the effectiveness of this treatment are limited. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of CPAP in improving SAHS-related symptoms, daytime function, perceived health status, and quality of(More)
The hypothesis that the dopaminergic system plays a role in feeding behavior was tested in three experiments. First, microdialysis was performed in the nucleus accumbens (NAC) at 20 min intervals during free feeding in rats at 80% of normal body weight. Extracellular concentration of dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), and homovanillic acid(More)
Long term administration of the antipsychotic drugs thioridazine, trifluoperazine, haloperidol, and sulpiride increased body weight in rats. This effect was found to be sex dependent, that is, while female rats were prone to gain weight, male rats did not. Chlorpromazine and fluphenazine decreased body weight in male rats but did not affect females. The(More)