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The hippocampus is one of the more widely studied structures related with spatial memory. In this study, we assessed the effect of unilateral inactivation of the dorsal hippocampus with tetrodotoxin (TTX) on the performance displayed by Wistar rats in the spatial version of the Morris water maze. In experiment 1, we injected into the dorsal hippocampus in(More)
A behavioural evaluation was carried out on three chronic models of hepatic encephalopathy: two models of type B HE, portacaval shunt (PCS) and portal hypertension (PH) and one of type C HE with cirrhosis and portal hypertension from thioacetamide intoxication (TAA). The tasks selected cover a wide range of behaviours related to: locomotion(More)
The sex differences in the functional contribution of brain substrates were explored following acquisition of a spatial working memory task using quantification of c-Fos protein. Rats of both sexes were trained during adolescence and adulthood in Morris water maze using a hidden escape platform with different daily location. Two control groups for each sex(More)
Hepatic encephalopathy is a neurological complication observed in patients with liver disease. Subjects with hepatic encephalopathy can develop memory alterations. In order to investigate brain oxidative metabolism in an animal model of chronic cirrhosis and its modification after spatial working memory task, we determined the neural metabolic activity of(More)
People with hepatic insufficiency can develop hepatic encephalopathy (HE), a complex neuropsychological syndrome covering a wide range of neurological and cognitive and motor alterations. The cognitive deficits include disturbances in intellectual functions such as memory and learning. In spite of its high prevalence in western societies, the causes of HE(More)
Rhythmic behavioral and biochemical changes have been observed in both human and animal models with hepatic insufficiency. The basis of all these alterations is the principal endogenous pacemaker, the suprachiasmatic nucleus. The aim of this work, therefore, is to determine cytochrome c oxidase activity, a marker of neuronal activity and oxidative(More)
Subjects with hepatic cirrhosis develop alterations of several rhythmic behavioural and biochemical patterns. Since most cirrhotic patients combine portal hypertension and hepatic impairment, our work aims to assess the extent to which rhythmical changes can be due to hepatic insufficiency or portal hypertension. This was done using two experimental models(More)
The oxidative metabolism was assessed in the septal, intermediate and temporal hippocampus in Wistar rats that were trained following a working memory schedule in the Morris water maze. The cytochrome oxidase histochemistry was measured at 90 min, 6, 24 and 48 h post-training. We found an increase in the septal dentate gyrus at 90 min, at 6h the increase(More)
Patients with liver dysfunction often suffer from hepatic encephalopathy (HE), a neurological complication that affects attention and memory. Various experimental animal models have been used to study HE, the most frequently used being the portocaval shunt (PCS). In order to determine brain substrates of cognitive impairment in this model, we assessed(More)
Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a frequent neurological complication observed in patients with liver malfunction. Previous studies have shown memory impairment in these patients. In order to investigate brain substrates of spatial working memory impairment in chronic HE, neuronal expression of c-Fos protein was studied in an experimental model of cirrhosis.(More)