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OBJECTIVE We examined the prevalence and correlates of dog walking among dog owners, and whether dog walking is associated with meeting the American College of Sports Medicine/American Heart Association physical activity guidelines. METHODS In March 2008, we mailed a survey to dog-owning clients from two San Diego County veterinary clinics. Useable data(More)
BACKGROUND Few sun-safety studies have included ethnoracially diverse groups. Comparison across such groups of sun-safety behaviors was the main objective of this analysis. METHODS Postal workers (n =2543) self-reported frequency of sunscreen, wide-brim hat, and sunglasses use during the last 5 workdays on 5-point Likert-type scales ranging from "never"(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined whether US Postal Service letter carriers who received a sun safety intervention would wear wide-brim hats and sunscreen significantly more often than those who did not receive the intervention. METHODS We used a 2-group randomized design with 2662 evaluation cohort participants from 70 US postal stations. Evaluations were conducted(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies assessing sun safety behaviors have used validated survey instruments. Using an observational strategy, this study measured the validity of self-report of occupational sun protection behaviors. METHODS Postal workers (N = 1,036) self-reported their frequency of protective clothing and sunglasses use during the past 5 workdays on(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess indoor tanning facility practices in a sample of facilities in 116 cities representing all 50 states. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING United States. PARTICIPANTS Employees of 3647 indoor tanning facilities were contacted by telephone. Data collectors (ie, confederates) posed as prospective, fair-skinned, 15-year-old female(More)
INTRODUCTION Twenty-eight US states have passed legislation for indoor tanning facilities. To our knowledge, whether these state laws are actually enforced has not been evaluated previously in all 28 states. Therefore, we interviewed key informants in these states to assess enforcement practices. METHODS Two trained interviewers used a structured survey(More)
OBJECTIVE Fitzpatrick's Skin Type Classification Scale often is used to assess sun sensitivity and skin cancer risk. Because the scale was developed with Whites, its utility and validity with Blacks may be limited by its reliance on the European-cultural terms suntan and sunburn. We tested the hypothesis that most Blacks would be unable to classify their(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated psychosocial, built-environmental, and policy-related correlates of adolescents' indoor tanning use. METHODS We developed 5 discrete data sets in the 100 most populous US cities, based on interviews of 6125 adolescents (aged 14-17 years) and their parents, analysis of state indoor tanning laws, interviews with enforcement experts,(More)
BACKGROUND Physical activity rates are low for adult Latinas. In the United States, only 7.8% of adult Latinas met Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations for weekly vigorous leisure-time physical activity. PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to test a theoretical model examining the direct and indirect influence of individual factors(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop items to measure indoor tanning and sunless tanning that can be used to monitor trends in population surveys or to assess changes in behavior in intervention studies. DESIGN A group of experts on indoor tanning convened in December 2005, as part of a national workshop to review the state of the evidence, define measurement issues, and(More)