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The relations of biological markers of extracellular matrix (plasma elastin peptides and elastase inhibitors) to the clinical history of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors for atherosclerosis were examined in a large population study (the EVA Study) on vascular and cognitive aging performed in 1389 men and women aged 59-71 years. A moderate decrease(More)
Skin thickness is decreasing with age. This loss concerns both dermis and epidermis, cells and extracellular matrix. We could show here that percutaneous application of an L-fucose-containing preparation produced an increase of skin thickness and a densification of collagen bundles. We also could show that 3H-L-fucose penetrates in the dermis, a(More)
The potential interest of serum elastase activity (SEA) as a marker of vascular aging and atherosclerosis was studied as part of an epidemiological study on vascular and cognitive aging (EVA Study). SEA was measured in 555 men and 774 women aged 59-71 years with a synthetic substrate, suc(ala)3pNA, according to a modified enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay(More)
With increasing age elastic fibres in human skin are progressively lysed and skin elasticity is also decreasing. Still there is an age-dependent increase of elastic fibre surface density, mostly due to an alteration of the fibres. The present experiments were undertaken to explore if L-fucose and fucose-rich polysaccharides (FROP-s) could influence elastin(More)
BACKGROUND In the last decades, interest has increased in the potential deleterious atherogenic effects of some cellular elastase activities. The results of experimental and clinical investigations were inconsistent. In this report, we assessed the associations of serum elastase activity and serum elastase inhibitors with carotid plaque occurrence during(More)
Micro-methods are described for the serial determinations of elastin metabolism related parameters in human serum or plasma samples: serum elastase activity, elastase inhibitor titers and elastin peptide conc-s. These methods were used in an epidemiological study (the EVA study, " Etude du vieillissement vasculaire") carried out in Nantes, west of France on(More)
Plasma fibronectin was determined in 1262 individuals (742 females, 520 males) aged 59-71 years at the beginning of an epidemiological study on vascular aging (the EVA study) in Nantes, western France. The average values (62.88+/-20.30 mg/100 ml for males, n=520 and 62.15+/-18.85 mg/100 ml for females, n=742) and the distribution of values were comparable(More)
In order to explore the potential role and importance of elastin fiber degradation in atherogenesis we determined in more than 1,400 individuals (males and females between 59 and 71 years of age), [the EVA epidemiological study] serum parameters related to elastin fiber degradation: serum elastase activity, circulating elastin peptides and serum elastase(More)
The action of L-fucose and a fucose-rich oligosaccharide (FROP-3) on skin explant cultures and fibroblast cell cultures, alone or together with three vitamins (A, C, E, often used in topical preparations) was studied, using as criteria collagen accumulation and collagen and non-collagen protein biosynthesis. In order to confirm the results observed, several(More)
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