Lata Venkataraman

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The majority of infections with glycopeptide intermediate-level resistant Staphylococcus aureus (GISA) originate in biomedical devices, suggesting a possible increased ability of these strains to produce biofilm. Loss of function of the accessory gene regulator (agr) of S. aureus has been suggested to confer an enhanced ability to bind to polystyrene. We(More)
PURPOSE A prospective clinical and molecular epidemiologic study was conducted to define the frequency of nosocomial Clostridium difficile patient-to-patient transmission in an urban tertiary referral hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS Over a 6-month period, environmental cultures for C difficile were obtained from patients with new positive stool cytotoxin(More)
Linezolid is an important therapeutic option for infections caused by resistant gram-positive bacteria. We report the characterization of sequential methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream isolates that developed resistance in a patient treated with a prolonged course of linezolid. Analysis of this series of clinical MRSA isolates(More)
We conducted a case-series study of multiresistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients who did not have cystic fibrosis. Patient characteristics, antibiotic exposures, time course of emergence of resistance, and clinical outcomes were examined. Twenty-two patients were identified from whom P. aeruginosa resistant to ciprofloxacin, imipenem, ceftazidime, and(More)
We previously determined that all 6 Staphylococcus aureus strains with confirmed intermediate-level resistance to glycopeptides (glycopeptide intermediate S. aureus [GISA]) from the United States that we tested belonged to accessory gene regulator (agr) group II. In the present study, we found that 56% of surveyed bloodstream methicillin-resistant S. aureus(More)
We describe 2 patients without prior exposure to linezolid who were infected with closely related strains of linezolid- and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (LRVREF) that may have been hospital acquired. Polymerase chain reaction amplification of the domain V region of the 23S ribosomal RNA gene demonstrated the presence of the G2576U mutation(More)
BACKGROUND Most cases of reduced vancomycin susceptibility in Staphylococcus aureus reported in the literature have been in methicillin-resistant strains. We report the development of reduced vancomycin susceptibility in a series of clonally related, methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) clinical isolates. This isogenic series permitted us to determine(More)
We conducted a prospective cohort study of 795 outpatients, many of whom were human immunodeficiency virus-infected men who have sex with men, to characterize risk of skin and soft-tissue infection (SSTI) associated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nares and perianal colonization. Multivariate analysis revealed that perianal(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is responsible for an increasing number of serious nosocomial and community-acquired infections. Phenotypic heterogeneous drug resistance (heteroresistance) to antistaphylococcal beta-lactams affects the results of susceptibility testing. The present study compared the MRSA-Screen latex agglutination test(More)
In a collaborative study by three laboratories, arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR), HindIII restriction enzyme analysis (REA), and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) using SmaI were compared for typing of Clostridium difficile. The study included 30 isolates from nosocomial outbreaks in six geographically disparate hospitals and 15(More)