Latéfa Biskri

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Many gram-negative pathogenic bacteria use a type III secretion (T3S) system to interact with cells of their hosts. Mechanisms controlling the hierarchical addressing of needle subunits, translocators and effectors to the T3S apparatus (T3SA) are still poorly understood. We investigated the function of MxiC, the member of the YopN/InvE/SepL family in the(More)
Type III secretion systems (T3SS) are present in many pathogenic gram-negative bacteria and mediate the translocation of bacterial effector proteins into host cells. Here, we report the phenotypic characterization of S. flexneri ipgB1 and ipgB2 mutants, in which the genes encoding the IpgB1 and IpgB2 effectors have been inactivated, either independently or(More)
During transcription, series of approximately 9 As or Ts can direct RNA polymerase to incorporate into the mRNA nucleotides not encoded by the DNA, changing the reading frame downstream from the slippage site. We detected series of 9 or 10 As in spa13, spa33 and mxiA encoding type III secretion apparatus components. Analysis of cDNAs indicated that(More)
The type III secretion apparatus (T3SA) is a central virulence factor of many Gram-negative bacteria. Its overall morphology consists of a cytoplasmic region, inner- and outer-membrane sections and an extracellular needle. In Shigella, the length of the needle is regulated by Spa32. To understand better the role of Spa32 we searched for its interacting(More)
The type III secretion apparatus (T3SA) is a multi-protein complex central to the virulence of many Gram-negative pathogens. Currently, the mechanisms controlling the hierarchical addressing of needle subunits, translocators and effectors to the T3SA are still poorly understood. In Shigella, MxiC is known to sequester effectors within the cytoplasm prior to(More)
Peptidoglycan deacetylases protect the Gram-positive bacteria cell wall from host lysozymes by deacetylating peptidoglycan. Sequence analysis of the genome of Shigella flexneri predicts a putative polysaccharide deacetylase encoded by the plasmidic gene orf185, renamed here SfpgdA. We demonstrated a peptidoglycan deacetylase (PGD) activity with the purified(More)
Type III secretion apparatus (T3SA) are complex nanomachines that insert a translocation pore into the host cell membrane through which effector proteins are injected into the cytosol. In Shigella, the pore is inserted by a needle tip complex that also controls secretion. IpaD is the key protein that rules the composition of the tip complex before and upon(More)
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