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Membranes constitute a meeting point for lipids and proteins. Not only do they define the entity of cells and cytosolic organelles but they also display a wide variety of important functions previously ascribed to the activity of proteins alone. Indeed, lipids have commonly been considered a mere support for the transient or permanent association of(More)
In addition to high temperature, other stresses and clinical conditions such as cancer and diabetes can lead to the alteration of heat-shock protein (HSP) levels in cells. Moreover, HSPs can associate with either specific lipids or with areas of special membrane topology (such as lipid rafts), and changes in the physical state of cellular membranes can(More)
The classic heat shock (stress) response (HSR) was originally attributed to protein denaturation. However, heat shock protein (Hsp) induction occurs in many circumstances where no protein denaturation is observed. Recently considerable evidence has been accumulated to the favor of the "Membrane Sensor Hypothesis" which predicts that the level of Hsps can be(More)
Small heat shock proteins are ubiquitous proteins found throughout all kingdoms. One of the most notable features is their large oligomeric structures with conserved structural organization. It is well documented that small heat shock proteins can capture unfolding proteins to form stable complexes and prevent their irreversible aggregation. In addition,(More)
Alzheimer disease is characterized by accumulation of the β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) generated by β- and γ-secretase processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The intake of the polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been associated with decreased amyloid deposition and a reduced risk in Alzheimer disease in several epidemiological(More)
The novel hydroxylamine derivative, bimoclomol, has been shown previously to act as a co-inducer of several heat shock proteins (Hsp-s), enhancing the amount of these proteins produced following a heat shock compared to heat shock alone. Here we show that the co-inducing effect of bimoclomol on Hsp expression is mediated via the prolonged activation of the(More)
Organisms have evolved to survive rigorous environments and are not prepared to thrive in a world of caloric excess and sedentary behavior. A realization that physical exercise (or lack of it) plays a pivotal role in both the pathogenesis and therapy of type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2DM) has led to the provocative concept of therapeutic exercise mimetics. A(More)
Membranes are known to respond rapidly to various environmental perturbations by changing their composition and microdomain organization. In previous work we showed that a membrane fluidizer benzyl alcohol (BA) could mimic the effects of heat stress and enhance heat shock protein synthesis in different mammalian cells. Here we explore heat- and BA-induced(More)
Xenohormesis is a biological principle that explains how environmentally stressed plants produce bioactive compounds that can confer stress resistance and survival benefits to animals that consume them. Animals can piggyback off products of plants' sophisticated stress response which has evolved as a result of their stationary lifestyle. Factors eliciting(More)
Anumber of observations have lent support to a model in which thermal stress is transduced into a signal at the level of the cellular membranes. Our alternative, but not exclusive, approach is based on the concept that the initial stress-sensing events are associated with the physical state and lipid composition of cellular membranes, i.e., the subtle(More)