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Patients with type 2 diabetes have reduced gene expression of heat shock protein (HSP) 72, which correlates with reduced insulin sensitivity. Heat therapy, which activates HSP72, improves clinical parameters in these patients. Activation of several inflammatory signaling proteins such as c-jun amino terminal kinase (JNK), inhibitor of kappaB kinase, and(More)
Small heat shock proteins are ubiquitous proteins found throughout all kingdoms. One of the most notable features is their large oligomeric structures with conserved structural organization. It is well documented that small heat shock proteins can capture unfolding proteins to form stable complexes and prevent their irreversible aggregation. In addition,(More)
Membranes constitute a meeting point for lipids and proteins. Not only do they define the entity of cells and cytosolic organelles but they also display a wide variety of important functions previously ascribed to the activity of proteins alone. Indeed, lipids have commonly been considered a mere support for the transient or permanent association of(More)
In addition to high temperature, other stresses and clinical conditions such as cancer and diabetes can lead to the alteration of heat-shock protein (HSP) levels in cells. Moreover, HSPs can associate with either specific lipids or with areas of special membrane topology (such as lipid rafts), and changes in the physical state of cellular membranes can(More)
Organisms have evolved to survive rigorous environments and are not prepared to thrive in a world of caloric excess and sedentary behavior. A realization that physical exercise (or lack of it) plays a pivotal role in both the pathogenesis and therapy of type 2 diabetes mellitus (t2DM) has led to the provocative concept of therapeutic exercise mimetics. A(More)
The novel hydroxylamine derivative, bimoclomol, has been shown previously to act as a co-inducer of several heat shock proteins (Hsp-s), enhancing the amount of these proteins produced following a heat shock compared to heat shock alone. Here we show that the co-inducing effect of bimoclomol on Hsp expression is mediated via the prolonged activation of the(More)
The classic heat shock (stress) response (HSR) was originally attributed to protein denaturation. However, heat shock protein (Hsp) induction occurs in many circumstances where no protein denaturation is observed. Recently considerable evidence has been accumulated to the favor of the "Membrane Sensor Hypothesis" which predicts that the level of Hsps can be(More)
To profile gene expression patterns involved in ischemic preconditioning, we monitored global gene expression changes by DNA microarray analysis of 3200 rat-specific genes and by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in rat hearts. Forty-nine genes with altered expression were found after ischemia/reperfusion as compared to control non-ischemic(More)
Treatment of Escherichia coli with non-lethal doses of heat or benzyl alcohol (BA) causes transient membrane fluidization and permeabilization, and induces the rapid transcription of heat-shock genes in a sigma32-dependent manner. This early response is followed by a rapid adaptation (priming) of the cells to otherwise lethal elevated temperature, in strong(More)
Alzheimer disease is characterized by accumulation of the β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) generated by β- and γ-secretase processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The intake of the polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been associated with decreased amyloid deposition and a reduced risk in Alzheimer disease in several epidemiological(More)