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Hyperphosphorylated tau (PHF-tau) is the major constituent of paired helical filaments (PHFs) from Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains. This conclusion has been based largely on the creation and characterization of monoclonal antibodies raised against PHFs, which can be classified in three categories: (a) those recognizing unmodified primary sequences of tau,(More)
The microtubule-associated protein tau is hyperphosphorylated in the paired helical filaments (PHFs) of Alzheimer's disease. Immunological and direct chemical studies have identified Ser396 and Ser404 as two of the phosphorylated sites. Previously, we have demonstrated, using synthetic tau peptides containing phosphorylated Ser396, that this site is(More)
To gain insights into the different forms of modified amyloid beta peptides (A beta) in the Alzheimer disease (AD) and Down syndrome (DS) brain, we used two-site ELISAs with antibodies specific for isomerized (i.e. A beta with L-isoaspartate at positions 1 and 7) and pyroglutamate-modified (i.e. A beta beginning with pyroglutamate at position 3) forms of A(More)
Immunological and structural analyses of neurofilament (NF) proteins with greater than 500 anti-NF monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) enumerated epitopes shared by NF proteins and Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangles. We identified the multiphosphorylation domain of the rat heaviest NF subunit--tandem repeats of Lys-Ser-Pro-Xaa (where Xaa is a small uncharged amino(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin, a fat tissue-derived adipokine, exhibits beneficial effects against insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, inflammatory conditions, and cancer. Circulating adiponectin levels are decreased in obese individuals, and this feature correlates with increased risk of developing several metabolic, immunological and neoplastic diseases.(More)
It was recently established that the stomach-derived ghrelin and the adipokine leptin promote learning and memory through actions within the hippocampus. Changes in the peripheral or brain levels of these peptides were described in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and were shown to correlate with the severity of cognitive decline. Furthermore, in vivo and(More)
Eight antisera and one monoclonal antibody to synthetic peptides that corresponded to domains extending over the entire length of the beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP), and an antiserum to the full-length 695-amino acid form of the beta-APP, were raised to probe the composition of the core and corona of senile plaques (SPs). We localized distinct(More)
The rapid emergence of bacterial strains that are resistant to current antibiotics requires the development of novel types of antimicrobial compounds. Proline-rich cationic antibacterial peptides such as pyrrhocoricin kill responsive bacteria by binding to the 70 kDa heat shock protein DnaK and inhibiting protein folding. We designed and synthesized(More)