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Two thousand consecutive patients aged 55 years and older admitted to a department of medicine in a large university hospital were examined for the presence of dementia. The occurrence of moderate and severe dementia was 9.1% for all age groups. It increased from 0.8% in the age group from 55 to 64 years to 31.2% in patients aged 85 years and older. Of the(More)
Pfeiffer's Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ) is a brief screening test for organic brain syndromes. The validity of the SPMSQ was evaluated in a random sample of 119 community residents and 282 consecutively admitted medical inpatients. The SPMSQ proved to be a sensitive and specific screening test for moderate to severe dementia both in(More)
We studied the efficiency of multilayer perceptron networks to classify eight different medical data sets with typical problems connected to their strongly non-uniform distributions between output classes and relatively small sizes of training sets. We studied especially the possibility mentioned in the literature of balancing a class distribution by(More)
STUDY DESIGN A prospective, randomized double-blind comparative trial. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of nimesulide, a cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-selective anti-inflammatory agent versus ibuprofen in patients with acute lumbosacral back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been more(More)
Patients aged 65 years and over admitted to one Department of Medicine in a University Hospital were evaluated for the frequency and types of dementia, and for the greater workload caused by the demented patients to the hospital. The frequency of moderate and severe dementia among consecutively admitted medical inpatients (N = 282) of all age groups was(More)
Revised national guidelines for managing asthma in nonpregnant young adults and adults stress education for self-management and include provisions for stepped care. These guidelines also include education on asthma pathophysiology; measures to control exacerbations; medications available to treat the disease; use of inhalers, spacers, holding chambers and(More)
Over 21,000 hospital episodes due to cerebrovascular disease (CVD, ICD-8 nos. 430-438) were registered in the Helsinki hospitals in 1970-1980. Of those 17,629 were identified as new cases. The age-adjusted incidence of haemorrhagic and thrombotic stroke (430-433) declined during the period 1970-1975 from 221 to 139 cases/100,000 inhabitants, whereafter no(More)