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The evaluation function of a reduction semantics (i.e., a small-step operational semantics with an explicit representation of the reduction context) is canonically defined as the transitive closure of (1) decomposing a term into a reduction context and a redex, (2) contracting this redex, and (3) plugging the contractum in the context. Directly implementing(More)
The evaluation function of a syntactic theory is canonically defined as the transitive closure of (1) decomposing a program into an evaluation context and a redex, (2) contracting this redex, and (3) plugging the result in the context. Directly implementing this evaluation function therefore yields an interpreter with a quadratic time factor over its input.(More)
Reynolds's defunctionalization technique is a whole-program transformation from higher-order to first-order functional programs. We study practical applications of this transformation and uncover new connections between seemingly unrelated higher-order and first-order specifications and between their correctness proofs. Defunctionalization therefore(More)