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The mannose receptor (MR) is an endocytic protein on macrophages and dendritic cells, as well as on hepatic endothelial, kidney mesangial, tracheal smooth muscle, and retinal pigment epithelial cells. The extracellular portion contains two types of carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD): eight membrane-proximal C-type CRDs and a membrane-distal cysteine-rich(More)
The major proteoglycan in macrophages and platelets is the chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan serglycin. To study the biological role of serglycin, its binding to secreted and cell-associated proteins from macrophages and blood platelets was examined. Affinity chromatography with serglycin-Sepharose and chondroitin sulphate-Sepharose was used to isolate(More)
BACKGROUND Several naturally occurring cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs), including bovine lactoferricin (LfcinB), display promising anticancer activities. These peptides are unaffected by multidrug resistance mechanisms and have been shown to induce a protective immune response against solid tumors, thus making them interesting candidates for(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the fate of the circulating chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan serglycin. The human monocytic cell line THP-1 was cultured under serum-free conditions in the presence of [35S]sulfate. The conditioned medium was harvested and 35S-macromolecules were purified by Q-Sepharose anion-exchange chromatography and Superose 6 gel(More)
To study proteoglycan metabolism in inflammatory macrophages, primary cultures of human macrophages were cultured in the absence and presence of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). When exposed to [35S]sulfate, the cells incorporated the label almost exclusively into chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG), which was recovered from the culture medium and(More)
Earlier studies have shown that the heparan sulfate (HS) on the cell surface acts as a receptor for herpes simplex virus (HSV). We have recently shown that bovine lactoferricin (LfcinB), a small part of the milk protein lactoferrin, inhibits HSV-1 and HSV-2 infection, probably by blocking the entry of the virus. The human homologue (18-42), which shares 36%(More)
In situ zymography is a method for the detection and localization of enzymatic activity in tissue sections. This method is used with frozen sections because routine fixation of tissue in neutral-buffered formalin inhibits enzyme activity. However, frozen sections present with poor tissue morphology, making precise localization of enzymatic activity(More)
Previously we have shown that THP-1 cells synthesize matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) where a fraction of the enzyme is strongly linked to a proteoglycan (PG) core protein. In the present work we show that these pro-MMP-9.PG heteromers have different biochemical properties compared with the monomeric form of pro-MMP-9. In these heteromers, the fibronectin(More)
The mechanism underlying perforin (PFN)-dependent delivery of apoptotic granzymes during cytotoxic cell granule-mediated death remains speculative. Granzyme B (GrB) and perforin were found to coexist as multimeric complexes with the proteoglycan serglycin (SG) in cytotoxic granules, and cytotoxic cells were observed to secrete exclusively macromolecular(More)
Biomarkers are used as tools in cancer diagnostics and in treatment stratification. In most cancers, there are increased levels of one or several members of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). This is a family of proteolytic enzymes that are involved in many phases of cancer progression, including angiogenesis, invasiveness, and metastasis. It has(More)