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The pacemaker activity in the mammalian gut is responsible for generating anally propagating phasic contractions. The cellular basis for this intrinsic activity is unknown. The smooth muscle cells of the external muscle layers and the innervated cellular network of interstitial cells of Cajal, which is closely associated with the external muscle layers of(More)
In muscularis externa of mouse small intestine, cells with ultrastructural features of macrophages were invariably observed in three layers: in the subserosal layer, between the circular and longitudinal muscle layers, and in association with the deep circular plexus. These macrophage-like cells (MLC) had a single indented nucleus, perinuclear Golgi(More)
Intracellular microelectrodes and organ bath techniques were used to study spontaneous cyclic electrical and mechanical activity in the rat colon. Electron microscopy and immunohistochemical studies showed two major populations of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC): one associated with Auerbach's plexus (ICC-AP) and one with the submuscular plexus (ICC-SMP).(More)
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) have recently been identified as the pacemaker cells for contractile activity of the gastrointestinal tract. These cells generate the electrical 'slow-wave' activity that determines the characteristic frequency of phasic contractions of the stomach, intestine and colon. Slow waves also determine the direction and velocity(More)
The interstitial cell of Cajal, abbreviated ICC, is a specific cell type with a characteristic distribution in the smooth muscle wall throughout the alimentary tract in humans and laboratory mammals. The number of publications relating to ICC is rapidly increasing and demonstrate a rich variation in the structure and organization of these cells. This(More)
The zinc iodide/osmic acid (ZIO) method was used in a modification that selectively stained nerves and associated interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) of muscularis externa. Due to its selectivity the method allowed a detailed stereoscopical analysis of whole mounts with respect to the topography and morphology of these elements. The method thus assisted and(More)
Evidence showing that interstitial cells of Cajal have important regulatory functions in the gut musculature is accumulating. In the current study, the ultrastructure of the deep muscular plexus and associated interstial cells of Cajal in human small intestine were studied to provide a reference for identification and further physiological or pathological(More)
Motility patterns and their structural basis were studied by video analysis, light and electron microscopy on the physiologically distended gut from normal and W/W(v) suckling mice and normal adult mice. Empty or diltiazem-relaxed intestine were used as references. In contrast to conventional primary aldehyde fixation, a brief primary fixation with osmic(More)