Lars Stenhammar

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Coeliac disease has emerged as a public health problem. The aim of the present study was to analyse trends in the occurrence of symptomatic coeliac disease in Swedish children from 1973 to 1997, and to explore any temporal relationship to changes in infant dietary patterns. We established a population-based prospective incidence register of coeliac disease(More)
To survey clinical characteristics at diagnosis for children diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes during 25 years in the south-east part of Sweden we included all 1903 children < 16 years of age and who had been diagnosed between 1977 and 2001 in the south-east region of Sweden. A nurse or doctor in the diabetes team obtained information from medical records.(More)
OBJECTIVE Sweden experienced a marked epidemic of celiac disease between 1984 and 1996 in children younger than 2 years of age, partly explained by changes in infant feeding. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of celiac disease in 12-year-olds born during the epidemic (1993), including both symptomatic and screening detected cases.(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of coeliac disease (CD) patients are not being properly diagnosed and therefore remain untreated, leading to a greater risk of developing CD-associated complications. The major genetic risk heterodimer, HLA-DQ2 and DQ8, is already used clinically to help exclude disease. However, approximately 40% of the population carry these(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic predisposition of coeliac disease (CD) is well known. Previous studies of first-degree relatives of coeliac patients have shown that as many as 10% have the disease. In 1981, we published a study in which all first-degree relatives of 32 index patients with CD were investigated by small-bowel biopsy. We found 2 relatives (2%) with CD.(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of coeliac disease (CD) requires lifelong adherence to a strict gluten free diet (GFD) which hitherto has consisted of a diet free of wheat, rye, barley, and oats. Recent studies, mainly in adults, have shown that oats are non-toxic to CD patients. In children, only open studies comprising a small number of patients have been performed.(More)
Three cases of children with suspected copper intoxication from the drinking water are described. The children presented with protracted diarrhoea, which promptly disappeared, when they were given drinking water of low copper concentration but reappeared when given their domestic water. It is concluded that the use of copper tubing in the water pipes may(More)
OBJECTIVES Between 1984 and 1996, Sweden experienced an "epidemic" of clinical celiac disease in children <2 years of age, attributed partly to changes in infant feeding. Whether infant feeding affects disease occurrence and/or the clinical presentation remains unknown. We investigated and compared the total prevalence of celiac disease in 2 birth cohorts(More)
BACKGROUND A genetic susceptibility to coeliac disease is well established, involving HLA and non-HLA components. CTLA4 is an important regulator of T-cell function and some studies have suggested that sequence variation in the gene might be a determinant of disease susceptibility, although the evidence is conflicting. METHODS Sixty-two children with(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years photopheresis, an extracorporeal form of photochemotherapy using psoralen and ultraviolet A irradiation of leucocytes, has been claimed to be an effective form of immunomodulation. AIM To evaluate its effect in type 1 diabetes we performed a double blind, controlled study using placebo tablets and sham pheresis in the control(More)