Lars Stenhammar

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OBJECTIVES Between 1984 and 1996, Sweden experienced an "epidemic" of clinical celiac disease in children <2 years of age, attributed partly to changes in infant feeding. Whether infant feeding affects disease occurrence and/or the clinical presentation remains unknown. We investigated and compared the total prevalence of celiac disease in 2 birth cohorts(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of coeliac disease (CD) patients are not being properly diagnosed and therefore remain untreated, leading to a greater risk of developing CD-associated complications. The major genetic risk heterodimer, HLA-DQ2 and DQ8, is already used clinically to help exclude disease. However, approximately 40% of the population carry these(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent work indicates that the gut microflora is altered in patients with coeliac disease (CD). Faecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are produced by the gut microflora. We have previously reported a high SCFA output in children with symptomatic and asymptomatic CD at presentation, as well as in CD children on a gluten-free diet (GFD) for less(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolic function of intestinal microflora in children with screening-detected celiac disease (CD) to see if there is an aberrant gut flora in screening-detected CD similar to symptomatic CD and contrary to healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS As part of a Swedish multicenter screening for CD, 912(More)
BACKGROUND Faecal short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are produced by the gut microflora. We have previously reported high faecal SCFA levels in children with coeliac disease (CD), indicating alteration in gut microfloral metabolism. Data accumulated over recent decades by us and others suggest that wheat-free oats can safely be included in a gluten-free diet(More)
To evaluate the plasma enteroglucagon assay as a test for the detection of celiac disease, we have determined basal and postprandial concentrations of enteroglucagon in plasma of children who underwent small-intestinal biopsy because of suspected celiac disease. In the 14 children with untreated celiac disease both basal [81 (SD 33) pmol/L] and postprandial(More)
OBJECTIVE The prevalence of coeliac disease in Sweden during the "epidemic period" (1984-1996) was one of the highest in the world. The aim of this study was to assess the coeliac disease incidence in our region over the 41-year period, and how diagnostic activity and diagnostic accuracy were affected by the introduction of antibody testing. We also looked(More)
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