Lars Roman Herda

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The clinical course of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) varies from cardiac recovery to end stage heart failure. The etiology of this variability is largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the impact of coding polymorphisms of the innate immune protein Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on left ventricular performance in patients with DCM. Two(More)
AIMS Immunoadsorption with subsequent immunoglobulin G substitution (IA/IgG) represents a novel therapeutic approach in the treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) which leads to the improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, response to this therapeutic intervention shows wide inter-individual variability. In this pilot study, we(More)
Organic cation transporters (OCT1-3 and OCTN1/2) facilitate cardiac uptake of endogenous compounds and numerous drugs. Genetic variants of OCTN2, for example, reduce uptake of carnitine, leading to heart failure. Whether expression and function of OCTs and OCTNs are altered by disease has not been explored in detail. We therefore studied cardiac expression,(More)
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by contractile dysfunction leading to heart failure. The molecular changes in the human heart associated with this disease have so far mostly been addressed at the gene expression level and only a few studies have analyzed global changes in the myocardial proteome. Therefore, our objective was to investigate the(More)
AIMS Autoantibodies against second extracellular loops of β(1)-adrenergic receptors frequent in dilated cardiomyopathy confer myocardial dysfunction presumably via cAMP stimulation. Here, we investigate the autoantibody impact on receptor conformation and function. METHODS AND RESULTS IgG was prepared from patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, matched(More)
In patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), cardiac autoantibodies are able to bind with their Fab fragment to epitopes on cardiomyocytes, but thereafter they crosslink through their Fc fragment to cardiac Fc(gamma)-receptor IIa. Polymorphic variability of the Fc(gamma)-receptor IIa is associated with modified affinity of immunoglobin G (IgG) binding and(More)
BACKGROUND The role of melusin, a necessary component in pressure-induced left-ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in mice, has not yet been determined in human cardiac hypertrophy. We analyzed for the first time the expression and regional distribution of melusin in human LVH due to aortic stenosis (AS) and determined AKT phosphorylation as a potential(More)
BACKGROUND Growing evidence suggests participation of autoimmune mechanisms in the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS Patients with heart failure (left ventricular ejection fraction < or =50%) due to DCM (n = 98) or ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM, n = 49) and controls with normal left ventricular function (n = 98) were included.(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbances of humoral immunity have been described in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and a number of antibodies against cardiac cell proteins have been identified. Previous studies showed that immunoadsorption therapy with subsequent IgG substitution (IA/IgG) enhances cardiac function, and that removal of cardiodepressant antibodies may(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data indicate that cardiac antibodies play an active role in the pathogenesis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and may contribute to cardiac dysfunction in patients with DCM. The present study investigated the influence of immunoadsorption with subsequent immunoglobulin G substitution (IA/IgG) on cardiopulmonary exercise capacity in(More)