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Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen and is recognised and phagocytosed by macrophages. Using live-cell imaging, non-lytic expulsion/exocytosis of C. albicans from macrophages is demonstrated for the first time. Following complete expulsion, both the phagocyte and pathogen remain intact and viable. Partial engulfment of hyphal C. albicans without(More)
Candida albicans is a major life-threatening human fungal pathogen. Host defence against systemic Candida infection relies mainly on phagocytosis of fungal cells by cells of the innate immune system. In this study, we have employed video microscopy, coupled with sophisticated image analysis tools, to assess the contribution of distinct C. albicans cell wall(More)
A sequential model involving chemokines has been proposed for leukocyte extravasation into areas of inflammation; however, site-specific aspects remain to be elucidated. Hence, we studied the role of chemokines produced by mesangial (MC) or glomerular endothelial cells (GEC) and their receptors in glomerular recruitment of monocytes. Stimulation of MC with(More)
During inflammation in the glomerulus, the complement of resident myofibroblast-like mesangial cells is regulated by mitosis and apoptosis, but the cellular mechanisms controlling the size of mesangial cell populations have remained obscure. Prompted by studies of development, we sought evidence that macrophages regulate mesangial cell number. Rat bone(More)
AIMS As Candida albicans is the major fungal pathogen of humans, there is an urgent need to understand how this pathogen evades toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by the host immune system. A key regulator of antioxidant gene expression, and thus ROS resistance, in C. albicans is the AP-1-like transcription factor Cap1. Despite this, little is(More)
The pathogenicity of the opportunistic human fungal pathogen Candida albicans depends on its ability to inhibit effective destruction by host phagocytes. Using live cell video microscopy, we show here for the first time that C. albicans inhibits cell division in macrophages undergoing mitosis. Inhibition of macrophage cell division is dependent on the(More)
Clearance of apoptotic neutrophils (polymorphonuclear leukocyte [PMN]) by macrophages is thought to play a crucial role in resolution of acute inflammation. There is increasing evidence that ingestion of apoptotic cells modulates macrophage behavior. We therefore performed experiments to determine whether ingestion of apoptotic PMN modulated the uptake(More)
Even though the number of Candida infections due to non-albicans species like C. parapsilosis has been increasing, little is known about their pathomechanisms. Certain aspects of C. parapsilosis and host interactions have already been investigated; however we lack information about the innate cellular responses toward this species. The aim of our project(More)
The theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate Richard Feynman outlined in his 1959 lecture, “There’s plenty of room at the bottom”, the enormous possibility of producing and visualising things at smaller scales. The advent of advanced scanning and transmission electron microscopy and high-resolution microscopy has begun to open the door to visualise(More)
of bone marrow-derived cells to differentiate to glomerular mesangial cells. Extraglomerular origin of the mesangial cells after injury. marrow is a reservoir of repopulating mesangial cells during glomerular remodelling. A, Plati AR et al. Glomerulosclerosis is transmitted by bone marrow-derived mesangial cell progenitors. Bone marrow transplantation(More)