Learn More
Phagocytic clearance of apoptotic cells may be considered to consist of four distinct steps: accumulation of phagocytes at the site where apoptotic cells are located; recognition of dying cells through a number of bridge molecules and receptors; engulfment by a unique uptake process; and processing of engulfed cells within phagocytes. Here, we will discuss(More)
The pathogenicity of the opportunistic human fungal pathogen Candida albicans depends on its ability to escape destruction by the host immune system. Using mutant strains that are defective in cell surface glycosylation, cell wall protein synthesis, and yeast-hypha morphogenesis, we have investigated three important aspects of C. albicans innate immune(More)
Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen and is recognised and phagocytosed by macrophages. Using live-cell imaging, non-lytic expulsion/exocytosis of C. albicans from macrophages is demonstrated for the first time. Following complete expulsion, both the phagocyte and pathogen remain intact and viable. Partial engulfment of hyphal C. albicans without(More)
The functional properties of infiltrating macrophages (Mphi) must be tightly regulated to facilitate appropriate responses to complex conditions in an inflammatory focus. This study was designed to ascertain whether uncommitted Mphi that have been exposed to combinations of cytokines with opposing functions develop properties dictated by one cytokine or by(More)
Cells undergo apoptosis in development, tissue homeostasis, and disease and are subsequently cleared by professional and nonprofessional phagocytes. There is now overwhelming evidence that phagocyte function is profoundly altered following apoptotic cell uptake, with consequences for the ensuing innate and adaptive immune response. Pathogens and tumors(More)
Candida albicans is a major life-threatening human fungal pathogen. Host defence against systemic Candida infection relies mainly on phagocytosis of fungal cells by cells of the innate immune system. In this study, we have employed video microscopy, coupled with sophisticated image analysis tools, to assess the contribution of distinct C. albicans cell wall(More)
Macrophage infiltration is a common feature of renal disease and their presence has been synonymous with tissue damage and progressive renal failure. More recently work has focused on the heterogeneity of macrophage activation and in particular their ability to curtail inflammation and restore normal function. This has led to the view that it is macrophage(More)
Substantial progress has been made over the last two decades in our understanding of the immunopathogenesis of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) associated vasculitides. Compelling evidence from in vitro studies and experimental models in conjunction with clinical trials has confirmed that ANCA directly contribute to the evolution and progression(More)
The management of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis has been transformed over the past thirty years. It has become one of the few forms of glomerulonephritis that can be effectively treated, and today overall renal survival is as high as 70%. Effective management of patients with RPGN requires prompt and accurate diagnosis so that patients are(More)
During inflammation in the glomerulus, the complement of resident myofibroblast-like mesangial cells is regulated by mitosis and apoptosis, but the cellular mechanisms controlling the size of mesangial cell populations have remained obscure. Prompted by studies of development, we sought evidence that macrophages regulate mesangial cell number. Rat bone(More)