Lars P. Hölzel

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OBJECTIVES Concerns have been raised that the rigorous eligibility criteria used to select patients for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) limit the generalizability of trial findings. The objectives of this study were to identify commonly used eligibility criteria in RCTs for chronic depression, to examine whether these criteria are met by patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic depressions represent a substantial part of depressive disorders and are associated with severe consequences. Several studies were performed addressing the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic, pharmacological, and combined treatments for chronic depressions. Yet, a systematic review comparing the effectiveness of multiple treatment options(More)
BACKGROUND A comprehensive model of the relationships among different shared decision-making related constructs and their effects on patient-relevant outcomes is largely missing. Objective of our study was the development of a model linking decision-making in medical encounters to an intermediate and a long-term endpoint. The following hypotheses were(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying all existing evidence is a crucial aspect in conducting systematic reviews. Since the retrieval of electronic database searches alone is limited, guidelines recommend the use of additional search strategies. The aim of this investigation was to assess the efficiency and contribution of additional search strategies for identifying(More)
BACKGROUND Depressive disorders are often recurrent and place a high burden on patients and their relatives. Psychoeducational groups for relatives may reduce relatives' burden, help prevent relapses in patients, and are recommended by the German "National Disease Management Guideline Unipolar Depression". Since there is limited knowledge on the provision(More)
BACKGROUND Many of the approximately 15 million people with a migration background living in Germany (19% of the population) are inadequately reached by existing healthcare provision. In the literature, the necessity for cultural adaptation of information material for patients with a migration background is often cited as a measure for improving(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic depression represents a substantial portion of depressive disorders and is associated with severe consequences. This review examined whether the combination of pharmacological treatments and psychotherapy is associated with higher effectiveness than pharmacotherapy alone via meta-analysis; and identified possible treatment effect(More)
BACKGROUND Depressive disorders place a high burden on patients and their relatives. Psychoeducational groups for relatives may reduce relatives' burden and improve the course of disease in patients. To foster the development of psychoeducational interventions which meet relatives' needs, information demands in relatives of patients with depressive(More)
OBJECTIVE In previous research it has not been clarified whether the first-order schema factors of the Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ) can be structured into higher order domains. We examined whether investigators' subjective choices between complex models of the YSQ or chance as opposed to clinical diversity of the samples may be responsible for the(More)
We aimed to compare the safety of antidepressants for the treatment of persistent depressive disorder (PDD) with each other and with placebo. We conducted a systematic electronic search and included randomized controlled trials that investigated antidepressants for the treatment of PDD in adults. Outcomes were the incidence of experiencing any adverse(More)