Lars-Olof Larsson

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Fifty unselected consecutive patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) diagnosed by nocturnal recordings of respiration movements by a static charge sensitive bed (SCSB) and oximetry, alone or combined with polysomnography, were studied. Renewed SCSB-oximetry recordings evaluated treatment. Six months after surgery, 30 of 50 were classified as(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of death. Despite the heavy symptom burden in late stages, these patients are relatively seldom referred to specialist palliative care. METHODS A web-based survey concerning medical and organizational aspects of palliative care in COPD was distributed to respiratory physicians in(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of food incentives on adherence to tuberculosis (TB) drug treatment among homeless patients with TB. Food packages were thus given as a part of directly observed therapy to 142 homeless patients with TB at a dispensary in Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation. In addition, a social worker provided the patients(More)
BACKGROUND The virtual clinical encounter (VCE) may function as an important support for medical students in or prior to clinical practice to train and ease communication and socioemotional interactions with patients. Few studies have however focused on the dynamics of interpersonal behaviors in clinical interviewing with a virtual patient (VP) and the(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) is a major problem in Russia, particularly regarding multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Rapid drug susceptibility testing methods are therefore needed. OBJECTIVES To perform epidemiological analyses of TB in the Archangelsk region and to evaluate the molecular method GenoType®MTBDRplus in this type of setting. (More)
BACKGROUND Increased prevalence of resistance in major pathogens decreases the possibility to treat common infectious conditions. In the beginning of the 1990s, resistant pneumococci spread among children in southern Sweden, which alarmed both the profession and the medical authorities. We describe the measures taken to curb the spread of resistance and to(More)
Guilt is associated with an increased level of mood disturbance and a poorer quality of life. The aim of this study was to explore how patients with severe COPD view and experience guilt and the ways in which they cope with this guilt. A total of 31 COPD patients were interviewed about their perceptions and experiences of guilt. Qualitative content analysis(More)
A major change of therapy in respiratory medicine has been the transition from oral or parenteral to inhalation therapy, for example, in asthma. Inhalation of anti-infectious drugs has however not a key-role in the treatment of pulmonary infections such as tuberculosis (TB). The inhalation therapy provides several benefits; the target is reached directly(More)
The Motala Clinical Chemical Laboratory includes both central (hospital) and peripheral primary health care units. A laboratory computer system has been developed that is shared by all units. In order to illuminate the crucial human-computer interaction, the authors did a questionnaire study of the attitudes and experiences of the whole laboratory staff.(More)