Lars Norbert Petersen

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Physical training increases insulin action in skeletal muscle in healthy men. In non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), only minor improvements in whole-body insulin action are seen. We studied the effect of training on insulin-mediated glucose clearance rates (GCRs) in the whole body and in leg muscle in seven patients with NIDDM and in eight(More)
Patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) exhibit insulin resistance and decreased glucose transport in skeletal muscle. Total content of muscle GLUT4 protein is not affected by NIDDM, whereas GLUT4 mRNA content is reported, variously, to be unaffected or increased. Physical training is recommended in the treatment of NIDDM, but the(More)
1. Adrenaline-stimulated lipolysis in adipose tissue may increase with training. The rate-limiting step in adipose tissue lipolysis is catalysed by the enzyme hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). We studied the effect of exercise training on the activity of the total and the activated form of HSL, referred to as HSL (DG) and HSL (TG), respectively, and on the(More)
Cholera toxin (CTX) and pertussis toxin (PTX) were examined for their ability to inhibit glucose transport in perfused skeletal muscle. Twenty-five hours after an intravenous injection of CTX, basal transport was decreased approximately 30%, and insulin- and contraction-stimulated transport was reduced at least 86 and 49%, respectively, in both the soleus(More)
There is an emerging literature linking cognitive ability with a wide range of psychiatric disorders. These findings have led to the hypothesis that diminished 'cognitive reserve' is a causal risk factor for psychiatric disorders. However, it is also feasible that a family history of mental disorders may confound this relationship, by contributing to both a(More)
In vivo exercise and insulin may change the concentrations of GLUT-4 protein and mRNA in muscle. We studied in vitro whether adaptations in glucose transporter expression are initiated during a single prolonged period of contractions or during insulin stimulation. Rat hindquarters were perfused at 7 mM glucose for 2 h with or without insulin (> 20,000(More)
A recent paper reported an association between older paternal age at the time of conception of the child and higher mutation rate of single nucleotides. It was based on a sample of 78 trios, of which 65 offspring had either schizophrenia or autism, and may thus not be representative of the general population. The authors hypothesized these findings to be(More)
Fermentation is a widely used process in production of many foods, beverages, and pharmaceuticals. The main goal of the control system is to maximize profit of the fermentation process, and thus this is also the main goal of this paper. We present a simple dynamic model for a fermentation process and demonstrate its usefulness in economic optimization. The(More)
In this paper we investigate an economically optimizing Nonlinear Model Predictive Control (E-NMPC) for a spray drying process. By simulation we evaluate the economic potential of this E-NMPC compared to a conventional PID based control strategy. Spray drying is the preferred process to reduce the water content for many liquid foodstuffs and produces a free(More)
In this paper we develop a linear model predictive control (MPC) algorithm for control of a two stage spray dryer. The states are estimated by a stationary Kalman filter. A non-linear first-principle engineering model is developed to simulate the spray drying process. The model is validated against experimental data and able to precisely predict the(More)