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Cytokinins (CKs) coming from the roots via the xylem are known to delay leaf senescence, and their decline may be important in the senescence of soybean (Glycine max) plants during pod development (monocarpic senescence). Therefore, using radioimmunoassay of highly purified CKs, we quantified the zeatin (Z), zeatin riboside (ZR), the dihydro derivatives(More)
Like most monocarpic plants, longevity of Arabidopsis thaliana plants is controlled by the reproductive structures; however, they appear to work differently from most dicots studied. Neither male- and female-sterility mutations (ms1-1 and bell1, respectively) nor surgical removal of the stems with inflorescences (bolts) at various stages significantly(More)
Soybean plants (Glycine max [L.] Merr. cv Clark) carrying nuclear and cytoplasmic "stay-green" mutations, which affect senescence, were examined. Normally, the levels of chlorophyll (Chl) a and b decline during seedfill and the Chl a/b ratio decreases during late pod development in cv Clark. Plants homozygous for both the d(1) and d(2) recessive alleles, at(More)
Chromatin has been prepared from nuclei isolated from the dinoflagellate alga Gyrodinium cohnii. This chromatin contains RNA, acid-insoluble proteins, and acid-soluble proteins; the respective ratios to amount of DNA are about 0.09, 0.48, 0.08 (by weight). Not only is the amount of acid-soluble protein associated with the DNA much less than it is in the(More)
Foliar applications of alpha-naphthaleneacetic acid, together with 6-benzyladenine, prevent the seed-induced degeneration (monocarpic senescence) in soybeans. In addition to halting leaf yellowing and shedding, this treatment prevents the loss of starch and nitrogen that occurs during senescence of these leaves. Although nitrogen and starch are normally(More)
When [(3)H]dihydrozeatin riboside and [(3)H]zeatin riboside were supplied to soybean (Glycine max L.) explants (comprising one leaf, associated pods, and subtending stem) via the xylem at mid to late podfill, 0.1% of the supplied (3)H was extracted from the seeds. The distribution of (3)H in the explants was similar to that bound previously following uptake(More)
Soybean, a monocarpic plant, has been found to undergo rapid senescence as its fruits mature. In soybeans (Glycine max[L.] Merrill) cv. Anoka, foliar senescence begins during the period of most rapid pod-fill (seed growth), and it can be eliminated by surgical removal of the seeds at an early stage of their growth. Experiments in which fruits are removed(More)
Although the seed coat, through its thickness and permeability, often regulates seed germination, very little is known about the control of its development. Using soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merrill) explants, podbearing cuttings in which defined solutions can be substituted for the roots, we have demonstrated that cytokinin and mineral nutrients moving(More)