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OBJECTIVES To project the long-term clinical and economic outcomes of treatment with biphasic insulin aspart 30 (BIAsp 70/30, 30% soluble and 70% protaminated insulin aspart) vs. insulin glargine in insulin-naïve type 2 diabetes patients failing to achieve glycemic control with oral antidiabetic agents alone (OADs). METHODS Baseline patient(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the long-term clinical and cost outcomes associated with biphasic insulin aspart 30/70 (BIAsp 30/70, premixed 30% soluble and 70% protaminated insulin aspart in one injection) compared to insulin glargine treatment in insulin-naïve type 2 diabetes patients failing oral antidiabetic agents in the UK, based on findings recently reported(More)
This study is an economic evaluation of three treatment strategies for vesico-ureteric reflux in children: neo-implantation; subureteric injection; and antibacterial prophylaxis. Cost-analysis was used to compare the strategies, implying that the differences in benefits between them were not measured. Direct and indirect costs are included, taking the(More)
Best evidence from prospective studies with aggressive monitoring suggests that the incidence of needlestick injuries is significantly higher than reported through passive surveillance, ranging from 14 to 839 needlestick injuries per 1,000 health care workers per year. The economic cost of managing these injuries is substantial, ranging from dollars 51 to(More)
InnoLet is a disposable insulin injection device with a large easy-to-read dial, large push button for injection, and audible clicks for each unit injected. This clinical trial assessed patient preference, satisfaction, and utilization of healthcare resources (estimated nursing care) for InnoLet and vial/syringe. Patients with diabetes mellitus (N=79, mean(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus (DM) affects over 18.2 million Americans and diabetes-related medical costs exceed 132 billion dollars per year, totaling more than 12% of the United States healthcare budget. The Diabetes Control and Complications Clinical Trial demonstrated that intensive insulin therapy and the control of plasma glucose can significantly(More)
To project the long-term clinical and cost outcomes that accompany predefined improvements in glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. A peer-reviewed, validated, non-product-specific Markov model of type 2 diabetes was used to project the long-term clinical and cost outcomes associated with three HbA1c reduction scenarios (vs. no reduction): (i)(More)
OBJECTIVE Weight gain is an unwanted side effect of improved glycaemic control in type 1 diabetes, associated with increased blood pressure (BP) and worsening lipid profiles. While improved glycaemic control per se should improve long-term patient outcomes, increases in BP and worsening lipid profiles may counteract these benefits. The aim of this modelling(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the incidence and assess the risk of needlestick injury (NI) in nurses caring for patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS A total of 400 nurses caring for patients with diabetes in 381 different hospitals throughout the United States over a period of at least 1 year voluntarily completed an Internet-based data collection instrument.(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the cost-effectiveness (cost per additional life-year [LY] and quality-adjusted life-year [QALY] gained) of lenalidomide plus dexamethasone (LEN/DEX) compared with bortezomib for the treatment of relapsed-refractory multiple myeloma (rrMM) in Norway. METHODS A discrete-event simulation model was developed to predict patients? disease(More)