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Working memory (WM) capacity limitations and their neurophysiological correlates are of special relevance for the understanding of higher cognitive functions. Evidence from behavioral studies suggests that restricted attentional resources contribute to these capacity limitations. In an event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we(More)
Functional imaging has demonstrated the specific involvement of the human middle-temporal complex (hMT/V5+) during processing of moving stimuli. Some studies applied transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to investigate the causal relevance of hMT/V5+ for motion perception. Although the studies used similar visual stimuli and TMS parameters, the critical(More)
The spatio-temporal distribution of brain activity as revealed by non-invasive functional imaging helps to elucidate the neuronal encoding and processing strategies required by complex cognitive tasks. We investigated visual short-term memory for objects, places and conjunctions in humans using event-related time-resolved functional magnetic resonance(More)
When spatially segregated visual stimuli are presented in alternation, subjects may perceive a single stimulus moving between the two positions (apparent motion). By adjusting spatial and temporal parameters, an ambiguous condition can be created in which perception of back-and-forth motion alternates with the perception of two stationary blinking stimuli.(More)
The cortical integration of auditory and visual features is crucial for efficient object recognition. Previous studies have shown that audiovisual (AV) integration is affected by where and when auditory and visual features occur. However, because relatively little is known about the impact of what is integrated, we here investigated the impact of semantic(More)
Apparent motion is an illusory perception of movement that can be induced by alternating presentations of static objects. Already in Wertheimer's early investigation of the phenomenon [Wertheimer, M. (1912). Experimentelle Studien über das Sehen von Bewegung. Zeitschrift fur Psychologie, 61, 161-265], he mentions that voluntary attention can influence the(More)
In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study we tested whether the predictability of stimuli affects responses in primary visual cortex (V1). The results of this study indicate that visual stimuli evoke smaller responses in V1 when their onset or motion direction can be predicted from the dynamics of surrounding illusory motion. We conclude from this(More)
Even within the early sensory areas, the majority of the input to any given cortical neuron comes from other cortical neurons. To extend our knowledge of the contextual information that is transmitted by such lateral and feedback connections, we investigated how visually nonstimulated regions in primary visual cortex (V1) and visual area V2 are influenced(More)
We investigated neuronal correlates of amblyopic deficits resulting from early onset strabismus or anisometropia by monitoring individual responses in retinotopically mapped cortical visual areas with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in eight psychophysically assessed adult amblyopes. In lower visual areas (V1/V2), grating stimuli presented to(More)
The brain is capable of integrating motion information arising from visual and auditory input. Such integration between sensory modalities can aid one another and helps to stabilize the motion percept. However, if motion information differs between sensory modalities, it can also result in an illusory auditory motion percept. This phenomenon is referred to(More)