Lars Kuerschner

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Lipid droplets (LDs) are emerging cellular organelles that are of crucial importance in cell biology and human diseases. In this study, we present our screen of approximately 4,700 Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants for abnormalities in the number and morphology of LDs; we identify 17 fld (few LDs) and 116 mld (many LDs) mutants. One of the fld mutants (fld1)(More)
The biosynthesis and storage of triglyceride (TG) is an important cellular process conserved from yeast to man. Most mammalian cells accumulate TG in lipid droplets, most prominent in adipocytes, which are specialized to store large amounts of the TG over long periods. In this study, we followed TG biosynthesis and targeting by fluorescence imaging in(More)
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is synthesized by two different pathways, the Lands cycle and the Kennedy pathway. The recently identified key enzymes of the Lands cycle, lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase 1 and 2 (LPCAT1 and -2), were reported to localize to the endoplasmic reticulum and to function in lung surfactant production and in inflammation response.(More)
Lipid droplets (LDs), the major intracellular storage sites for neutral lipids, consist of a neutral lipid core surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer membrane. In addition to their function in lipid storage, LDs participate in lipid biosynthesis and recently were implicated in proteasomal protein degradation and autophagy. To identify components of the(More)
Phosphatidylserine (PS) plays a central role in cell signaling and in the biosynthesis of other lipids. To date, however, the subcellular distribution and transmembrane topology of this crucial phospholipid remain ill-defined. We transfected cells with a GFP-tagged C2 domain of lactadherin to detect by light and electron microscopy PS exposed on the(More)
Single molecule experiments provide insight into the individuality of biological macromolecules, their unique function, reaction pathways, trajectories and molecular interactions. The exceptional signal-to-noise ratio of the atomic force microscope allows individual proteins to be imaged under physiologically relevant conditions at a lateral resolution of(More)
Penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3; also called FtsI) is a transpeptidase that catalyzes cross-linking of the peptidoglycan cell wall in the division septum of Escherichia coli. To determine whether the catalytic activity of PBP3 is activated during division, we assayed acylation of PBP3 with three beta-lactams (cephalexin, aztreonam, and piperacillin) in(More)
Microscopy of lipids in living cells is currently hampered by a lack of adequate fluorescent tags. The most frequently used tags, NBD and BODIPY, strongly influence the properties of lipids, yielding analogs with quite different characteristics. Here, we introduce polyene-lipids containing five conjugated double bonds as a new type of lipid tag.(More)
Polyene lipids and alkyne lipids allow study of lipid organization, dynamics and metabolism. Both types of lipids contain multiple bonds as the essential functional group, leading to minimal disturbance of the hydrophobic properties on which the characteristic behavior of lipids is based. Polyene lipids can directly be traced due to their intrinsic(More)
Fatty acids are abundant constituents of all biological systems, and their metabolism is important for normal function at all levels of an organism. Aberrations in fatty acid metabolism are associated with pathological states and have become a focus of current research, particularly due to the interest in metabolic overload diseases. Here we present a(More)