Lars Konermann

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The folding and misfolding mechanism of multidomain proteins remains poorly understood. Although thermodynamic instability of the first nucleotide-binding domain (NBD1) of ΔF508 CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) partly accounts for the mutant channel degradation in the endoplasmic reticulum and is considered as a drug target in(More)
Hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) mass spectrometry (MS) has become a key technique for monitoring structural and dynamic aspects of proteins in solution. This approach relies on the fact that exposure of a protein to D(2)O induces rapid amide H → D exchange in disordered regions that lack stable hydrogen-bonding. Tightly folded elements are much more(More)
This work employs electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and UV-vis spectroscopy for monitoring the mechanism of acid-induced hemoglobin (Hb) denaturation. The protein for these experiments has been freshly prepared from bovine blood. All three Hb derivatives studied (oxyHb, metHb, and cyanometHb) respond to gradual changes from pH 6.8 to 2.1 in a manner(More)
The mechanism whereby macromolecular analytes are transferred into the gas phase during the final stages of electrospray ionization (ESI) remains a matter of debate. In this work, we employ molecular dynamics simulations to examine the temporal behavior of nanometer-sized aqueous ESI droplets containing a polymer chain and excess ammonium ions. The polymer(More)
Considerable progress in deciphering the mechanisms of protein folding has been made. However, most work in this area has focused on single-chain systems, whereas the majority of proteins are oligomers. The spontaneous assembly of intact multi-subunit systems from disordered building blocks encompasses the formation of intramolecular as well as(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS) methods involving gas-phase fragmentation hold considerable promise for analyzing regioselective deuteration patterns of proteins following solution-phase amide hydrogen exchange (HX). However, the general viability of such an approach is questionable due to the possible occurrence of intramolecular hydrogen migration ("scrambling"),(More)
For the first time, the new technique of time-resolved electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) has been used to accurately measure the pre-steady state kinetics of an enzymatic reaction by monitoring a transient enzyme intermediate. The enzyme used to illustrate this approach, Bacillus circulans xylanase, is a retaining glycosidase that(More)
Many proteins act as molecular machines that are fuelled by a nonthermal energy source. Examples include transmembrane pumps and stator-rotor complexes. These systems undergo cyclic motions (CMs) that are being driven along a well-defined conformational trajectory. Superimposed on these CMs are thermal fluctuations (TFs) that are coupled to stochastic(More)
The occurrence of electrochemical processes during the operation of an electrospray ionization (ESI) source is well established. In the positive ion mode, electrons are drawn from the ESI metal capillary to a high voltage power supply. These electrons are the product of charge-balancing oxidation reactions taking place at the liquid/metal interface of the(More)
This review discusses various mass spectrometry (MS)-based approaches for exploring structural aspects of proteins in solution. Electrospray ionization (ESI)-MS, in particular, has found fascinating applications in this area. For example, when used in conjunction with solution-phase hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX), ESI-MS is a highly sensitive tool for(More)