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Apical-basal polarity in Drosophila melanogaster epithelia depends on several evolutionarily conserved proteins that have been assigned to two distinct protein complexes: the Bazooka (Baz)-PAR-6 (partitioning defective 6)-atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) complex and the Crumbs (Crb)-Stardust (Sdt) complex. These proteins operate in a functional hierarchy,(More)
The voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC, also known as mitochondrial porin) is the major transport channel mediating the transport of metabolites, including ATP, across the mitochondrial outer membrane. Biochemical data demonstrate the binding of the cytosolic protein hexokinase-I to VDAC, facilitating the direct access of hexokinase-I to the transported(More)
Cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs) use Ca(2+)-dependent exocytosis of glutamate to signal sound information. Otoferlin (Otof), a C(2) domain protein essential for IHC exocytosis and hearing, may serve as a Ca(2+) sensor in vesicle fusion in IHCs that seem to lack the classical neuronal Ca(2+) sensors synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1) and Syt2. Support for the Ca(2+)(More)
Synaptic vesicles recycle repeatedly in order to maintain synaptic transmission. We have previously proposed that upon exocytosis the vesicle components persist as clusters, which would be endocytosed as whole units. It has also been proposed that the vesicle components diffuse into the plasma membrane and are then randomly gathered into new vesicles. We(More)
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