Lars I. Nord

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BACKGROUND Most of the hyaluronic acid (HA)-based dermal fillers currently on the market are chemically modified with cross-linkers to improve the mechanical properties and duration in vivo. OBJECTIVE To investigate differences in the properties of dermal fillers that can be related to the respective cross-linking and manufacturing methods used. METHODS(More)
Thirty-eight saponins in two chromatographic fractions (QH-B and QH-C) from Quillaja saponaria Molina have been separated by a two-step high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) procedure and investigated by electrospray ionisation ion trap multiple-stage mass spectrometry (ESI-ITMS(n)) in positive ion mode. MS(2) and MS(3) spectra of the compounds were(More)
Raised concentrations of glucose for extended periods of time have detrimental effects on the insulin-producing beta-cell. As de novo synthesis of lipids has been observed under such conditions, it was hypothesized that newly formed lipids may preferentially contain saturated fatty acids, which in particular have been associated with impaired beta-cell(More)
Six major saponins were isolated from a bark extract from Quillaja saponaria Molina. Solid-phase extraction, followed by a two-step reversed-phase HPLC separation procedure with phosphate and ammonium acetate buffers of different pH values, was used. The compounds were characterised using NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and chemical methods.
Definitions and methods for the quantification of degree of modification and cross-linking in cross-linked hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogels are outlined. A novel method is presented in which the HA hydrogel is degraded by the enzyme chondroitinase AC and the digest product analyzed by size exclusion chromatography combined with electrospray ionization mass(More)
Six novel fucose 3-O-acetylated saponins, with a quillaic acid aglycone, were isolated from a bark extract from the Quillaja saponaria Molina tree. In addition, a saponin with a novel aglycone (phytolaccagenic acid) and a novel fatty acyl group [(S)-2-methylbutanoyl] for Quillaja saponins was found. The compounds were characterised using NMR spectroscopy,(More)
Fifteen identified C-18 fatty acyl-containing saponin structures from Quillaja saponaria Molina have been investigated by electrospray ionization ion-trap multiple-stage mass spectrometry (ESI-IT-MS(n)) in positive ion mode. Their MS(1)-MS(3) spectra were analyzed and ions corresponding to useful fragments, important for the structural identification of(More)
Ten different samples with 13 previously identified saponin structures from Quillaja saponaria Molina were investigated by electrospray ionization ion trap multiple-stage mass spectrometry (ESI-ITMS(n)) in positive and negative ion modes. Both positive and negative ion mode MS(1)-MS(4) spectra were analyzed, showing that structural information on the two(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to investigate the intra-articular duration of Durolane™ in a rabbit model to allow comparison between Durolane™ residence time and data reported for other hyaluronic acid products as well as native hyaluronic acid. DESIGN (14)C-labeled Durolane™ was manufactured by labeling the cross-linker used for(More)
A method for separation and detection of major and minor components in complex mixtures has been developed, utilising two-dimensional high-performance liquid chromatography (2D-HPLC) combined with electrospray ionisation ion-trap multiple-stage mass spectrometry (ESI-ITMS(n)). Chromatographic conditions were matched with mass spectrometric detection to(More)