Lars Hellberg

Learn More
Neutrophil granulocytes are rapidly recruited from the bloodstream to the site of acute inflammation where they die in large numbers. Because release of toxic substances from dead neutrophils can propagate the inflammatory response leading to tissue destruction, clearance of dying inflammatory neutrophils has a critical function in the resolution of the(More)
Anaplasma phagocytophilum, a Gram-negative, obligate intracellular bacterium infects primarily neutrophil granulocytes. Infection with A. phagocytophilum leads to inhibition of neutrophil apoptosis and consequently contributes to the longevity of the host cells. Previous studies demonstrated that the infection inhibits the executionary apoptotic machinery(More)
Autoantibody-mediated diseases are clinically heterogeneous and often fail conventional therapeutic strategies. Gene expression profiling has helped to identify new molecular pathways in these diseases, although their potential as treatment targets largely remains to be functionally validated. Based on weighted gene co-expression network analysis, we(More)
Recently, we have reported that, in addition to macrophages, also neutrophil granulocytes can phagocytose apoptotic neutrophils. Based on this finding, we hypothesized that "cannibalistic" neutrophils at sites of acute infection/inflammation play a major role in the clearance of apoptotic neutrophils. Since at sites of infection/inflammation neutrophils are(More)
The vascular addressins mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1, P-selectin and ICAM-1 permit alpha(4)beta(7)-integrin-expressing DC, especially those of the myeloid lineage (CD11c(+)CD11b(+) DC), to access the pregnant mouse uterus. Injection of blocking monoclonal antibodies against mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 in P-selectin(-/-) mice or(More)
Neutrophil granulocytes provide the first line of defense against bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections. They phagocytose and kill many invading pathogens. Certain pathogenic microorganisms such as the intracellular protozoan parasite Leishmania major (L. major) can survive inside neutrophils. Mature neutrophils have a very short life span due to(More)
Corticosteroids are regularly used to treat autoimmune diseases, such as bullous pemphigoid (BP). In BP, autoantibodies bind to type XVII collagen (COL17), located at the dermal-epidermal junction. A crucial role of neutrophils in experimental BP has been established. Specifically, reactive oxygen species and proteolytic granule enzymes mediate tissue(More)
A broad range of immunosuppressive and immunomodulatory effects of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) blockade has been described in models of autoimmune bullous diseases, but the direct contribution of this chaperone to neutrophil effector pathways in the context of autoantibody-driven blistering is generally unknown. Therefore, this has been addressed in the(More)