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The Escherichia coli AlkB protein and human homologs hABH2 and hABH3 are 2-oxoglutarate (2OG)/Fe(II)-dependent DNA/RNA demethylases that repair 1-methyladenine and 3-methylcytosine residues. Surprisingly, hABH1, which displays the strongest homology to AlkB, failed to show repair activity in two independent studies. Here, we show that hABH1 is a(More)
hUNG2 and hSMUG1 are the only known glycosylases that may remove uracil from both double- and single-stranded DNA in nuclear chromatin, but their relative contribution to base excision repair remains elusive. The present study demonstrates that both enzymes are strongly stimulated by physiological concentrations of Mg2+, at which the activity of hUNG2 is(More)
Human UNG2 is a multifunctional glycosylase that removes uracil near replication forks and in non-replicating DNA, and is important for affinity maturation of antibodies in B cells. How these diverse functions are regulated remains obscure. Here, we report three new phosphoforms of the non-catalytic domain that confer distinct functional properties to UNG2.(More)
Uracil in DNA is repaired by base excision repair (BER) initiated by a DNA glycosylase, followed by strand incision, trimming of ends, gap filling and ligation. Uracil in DNA comes in two distinct forms; U:A pairs, typically resulting from replication errors, and mutagenic U:G mismatches, arising from cytosine deamination. To identify proteins critical to(More)
Abstract Objective. UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 2B7 is the major UGT isoform responsible for the 3- and 6-glucuronidation of morphine in humans. Studies in rats have indicated that UGT1A1 may also contribute to the formation of morphine 3-glucuronide (M3G). Our objective was to investigate whether the UGT2B7 H268Y and UGT1A1*28 polymorphisms(More)
Genetic manipulation of the polyketide synthase (PKS) gene nysC involved in the biosynthesis of the tetraene antifungal antibiotic nystatin yielded a recombinant strain producing hexaene nystatin derivatives. Analysis of one such compound, S48HX, by LC-MS/MS suggested that it comprises a 36-membered macrolactone ring completely decorated by the post-PKS(More)
Uracil in DNA may result from incorporation of dUMP during replication and from spontaneous or enzymatic deamination of cytosine, resulting in U:A pairs or U:G mismatches, respectively. Uracil generated by activation-induced cytosine deaminase (AID) in B cells is a normal intermediate in adaptive immunity. Five mammalian uracil-DNA glycosylases have been(More)
Uracil is present in small amounts in DNA due to spontaneous deamination of cytosine and incorporation of dUMP during replication. While deamination generates mutagenic U:G mismatches, incorporated dUMP results in U:A pairs that are not directly mutagenic, but may be cytotoxic. In most cells, mutations resulting from uracil in DNA are prevented by(More)
Pso p27 is a protein antigen expressed in psoriatic lesions and is shown to participate in complement activating immune complexes in the affected skin. The objective of the present study was sequencing of the Pso p27 protein in an approach to identify a "Pso p27 gene". The analyses showed that Pso p27 represents several proteins with homologies to various(More)