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The movement disorder tardive dyskinesia is a serious side effect of the long-term treatment of schizophrenia with neuroleptic drugs. Similar symptoms to those of tardive dyskinesia have been observed in Cebus apella monkeys following long-term treatment with neuroleptic drugs, and these monkeys may therefore be a useful animal model of tardive dyskinesia.(More)
The mortality within a cohort of 115 street heroin addicts was studied for 5-8 years using the Kaplan-Meier survival estimate technique. This differed markedly from the relatively low mortality of 166 comparable heroin addicts given methadone maintenance treatment (MT). The street addicts' mortality rate was 63 times that expected, compared with official(More)
After 10-12 weeks of chronic haloperidol administration rats with frontal cortex ablations or lesions induced by intracerebroventricular infection of 6-hydroxydopamine developed vacuous chewing behavior at a fairly stable frequency (bifrontal ablations had 15-20, 6-hydroxy-dopamine lesioned rats 7-12 chewing movements/min). This behavior persisted for 10(More)
In three cebus monkeys the chronic daily administration of haloperidol (0.5 mg/kg/day orally) created sedation and parkinsonism during the first 5-7 weeks. Later the animals developed signs reminiscent of acute dystonia, as seen in the clinic during treatment with neuroleptics. These signs were dose-dependent and in extreme cases included widespread tonic(More)
Common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) with near-complete unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine denervation of the dopaminergic input received a single injection of saline or L-DOPA (15mg/kg plus 6.25mg/kg benserazide). Using in situ hybridization, the effects of these treatments on c-fos messenger RNA expression in the cerebral cortex, the striatal complex and the(More)
The authors measured opioid receptor-active components in the CSF of 11 women with postpartum psychosis, 11 healthy lactating women, and 16 healthy women who were not lactating. Activity that eluted with 0.2 M acetic acid 0.7-0.9 times the total volume of the column (fraction II activity) was significantly higher in the CSF of both healthy and psychotic(More)
Persistent signs of oral dyskinesia (tongue protrusion and facial grimacing) had developed as a result of earlier chronic treatment with neuroleptics in a Cebus apella monkey. When this animal was given single doses of any classical neuroleptic, a transient deterioration of dyskinesia occurred, preceded by a temporary abolishment of dyskinesia sometimes(More)
There is now ample evidence for long-term malfunctioning within five different brain GABAergic pathways in a monkey model for tardive dyskinesia (TD). Three of these GABA connections (GPe-STN, CP-SNr, and CP-GPi) are chronically downregulated during neuroleptic treatment and after some years they do not seem to regain their normal activity, even when the(More)
In a single-blind pilot study 0.4 mg naloxone i.v. was found temporarily to reduce or abolish auditory hallucinations in four cases of chronic schizophrenia whereas saline was without effect. In one of these patients there was a similar reversal also of her visual hallucinations. Two additional cases who denied hearing voices before the injections, reported(More)
The purpose of the following experiments was to describe some of the neurochemical changes that occur in the basal ganglia of rats exposed chronically to a classical neuroleptic, fluphenazine, and to relate these changes to extrapyramidal motor dysfunction. For these studies a combination of behavioural, receptor autoradiographic and in situ hybridization(More)