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Thirty-four drug addicts, aged 20 - 24 years, with a history of 4 - 8 years of intravenous heroin abuse, were randomly assigned either to a methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) (17) or to an untreated group (17). The untreated controls could not apply for entrance to the program until two years later. It was found that after two years 12 MMT patients had(More)
The mortality within a cohort of 115 street heroin addicts was studied for 5-8 years using the Kaplan-Meier survival estimate technique. This differed markedly from the relatively low mortality of 166 comparable heroin addicts given methadone maintenance treatment (MT). The street addicts' mortality rate was 63 times that expected, compared with official(More)
The movement disorder tardive dyskinesia is a serious side effect of the long-term treatment of schizophrenia with neuroleptic drugs. Similar symptoms to those of tardive dyskinesia have been observed in Cebus apella monkeys following long-term treatment with neuroleptic drugs, and these monkeys may therefore be a useful animal model of tardive dyskinesia.(More)
Six detoxified opiate addicts housed in a closed metabolic ward received methadone in stepwise increasing doses of 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg/day during 1 month. Four were given 14C-methadone at the lowest dose and again at the highest dose. Of the subjects receiving radiomethadone, 2 excreted the major part of the radioactivity in urine and 2 about equally in(More)
After 10-12 weeks of chronic haloperidol administration rats with frontal cortex ablations or lesions induced by intracerebroventricular infection of 6-hydroxydopamine developed vacuous chewing behavior at a fairly stable frequency (bifrontal ablations had 15-20, 6-hydroxy-dopamine lesioned rats 7-12 chewing movements/min). This behavior persisted for 10(More)
In three cebus monkeys the chronic daily administration of haloperidol (0.5 mg/kg/day orally) created sedation and parkinsonism during the first 5-7 weeks. Later the animals developed signs reminiscent of acute dystonia, as seen in the clinic during treatment with neuroleptics. These signs were dose-dependent and in extreme cases included widespread tonic(More)
Oral movements in rats administered one of three doses of either a D1 agonist (SK&F 38393) or a D2 agonist (LY171555) were observed via closed-circuit television and simultaneously recorded using a computerized video analysis system which measured the distance between two fluorescent dots painted above and below the rat's mouth. The D1 agonist SK&F 38393(More)
Deuterated methadone (M-d3) and GCMS were used to study the pharmacokinetics of methadone (M) during the induction stage of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). A pulse dose of M-d3 was given on Days 1 and 25 of two dosage regimens, one with a continuous 30 mg dose (n = 6), and the other with 30 mg for 10 days, followed by 60 mg as the maintenance dose (n(More)
Twenty-one opiate-dependent subjects were inducted into methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in a closed metabolic ward. A daily dose of 30 mg of d, 1-methadone was given for 10 to 24 days followed by 60 mg/day for another 10 to 24 days. Analysis of plasma levels at 4-day intervals showed accumulation to a peak followed by a decrease to a lower level,(More)