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OBJECTIVE To analyze tumor biology and the outcome of differentiated treatment in relation to tumor subtype in patients with gastric carcinoid. BACKGROUND Gastric carcinoids may be subdivided into ECL cell carcinoids (type 1 associated with atrophic gastritis, type 2 associated with gastrinoma, type 3 without predisposing conditions) and miscellaneous(More)
Neoplastic proliferations of neuroendocrine cells (NE) may occur throughout the entire GI tract but affect particularly appendix and ileum ("midgut carcinoids"), rectum ("hindgut carcinoids"), as well as stomach and the duodenum ("foregut carcinoids"). Only more exceptionally, they arise in the esophagus, jejunum and colon. The NE tumors encompass a(More)
To undertake an evaluation of histopathological variables in parathyroid carcinoma, 95 cases with this diagnosis were collected from 37 hospitals. Two tumor categories emerged from a review of tissue sections and follow-up information: 56 cases demonstrating extraglandular invasiveness or tumor recurrence were classified as definitive carcinomas, whereas 39(More)
The usefulness of argentaffin (Masson) and argyrophil (Davenport, Sevier-Munger and Grimelius) staining methods for identification of endocrine cell types in the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas is discussed and comments are made on the techniques themselves. The applicability of silver impregnation methods in the histopathological investigations of(More)
The parathyroid glands from 422 subjects without clinical, biochemical, or advanced histologic signs of renal disease were dissected at autopsy. The glands were evaluated histologically in relation to the subjects' age, sex, histologic renal features, other diseases, and medical therapy. Normal parathyroid glands generally had diffuse cellular arrangements,(More)
Recently, the gastric endocrine system has been recognized as the origin of benign and malignant tumors in pernicious anemia. It has also been found that the gastric endocrine cells respond to permanent elevation of serum gastrin levels induced by changes in acid secretion in response to surgical procedures, drug therapy and age. Therefore, a definition of(More)
Anaplastic giant cell carcinoma of the thyroid is a rare but highly malignant tumor. At the Karolinska Hospital in Stockholm, surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have been used separately or in various combinations in 81 patients admitted with this diagnosis during 1971-1997. In this study, we present the various multimodality treatment regimens and(More)
BACKGROUND Operation on rare patients with mainly a severe renal stone disease and considerably elevated urinary calcium excretion has substantiated the association of parathyroid gland abnormalities with normocalcemia. This study examines incidence, structure, and functional characteristics of enlarged parathyroid glands of patients with normocalcemia(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) is an autosomal recessive disorder with both endocrine and non-endocrine features. Periodic gastrointestinal dysfunction occurs in 25-30% of APS1 patients. We aimed to identify an intestinal autoantigen. METHODS A human duodenal cDNA library was immunoscreened with serum samples from APS1(More)