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The degree of pain alleviation achieved by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TNS) during delivery has been evaluated. The usual technique of TNS was modified to suit the requirements of pain relief during delivery. Two pairs of electrodes were taped on the parturient's back at levels TH10--L1 and S2--S4. These segments correspond to the pathway(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to test the hypothesis that spinal cord stimulation (SCS) improves limb salvage in patients with inoperable severe leg ischaemia. DESIGN Prospective randomised controlled study with 18 months follow-up. SETTING Vascular surgical units in two university hospitals. MATERIALS Atherosclerotic (n = 41) and diabetic (n =(More)
Peripheral vascular disease of the extremities causes ischemic pain and, at times, skin ulcerations and gangrene. It has been suggested that epidural spinal electrical stimulation (ESES) could improve peripheral circulation. Since 1978 we have used ESES in 34 patients with severe limb ischemia; all had resting pain and most had ischemic ulcers. Arterial(More)
The overall function, pain, and mood disturbance of 54 patients with benign chronic pain were studied as to their response to epidural spinal electrical stimulation (ESES) more than 12 months after the implantation of ESES electrodes. Both responder (n = 23) and nonresponder (n = 31) pain patients demonstrated extensively worse physical and psychosocial(More)
We assessed the long-term efficacy of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in 64 refractory epilepsy patients. After implantation, intermittent stimulation was delivered and seizure frequency and severity were counted. Average treatment time was 20 months. Nineteen of 47 patients with partial seizures, five of nine patients with idiopathic generalized seizures,(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been shown to have antianginal and anti-ischemic effects in severe angina pectoris. The present study was performed to investigate whether SCS can be used as an alternative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in selected patient groups, ie, patients with no proven prognostic benefit from CABG and with an(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been used in the treatment of severe angina pectoris since the 1980s. Several studies have shown both an antianginal and an anti-ischaemic effect. There are several theories about the mechanism behind the anti-ischaemic effect of SCS, including the possibility that it is dependent on an increase in coronary flow(More)
The short term effects of epidural spinal electrical stimulation were studied in 10 patients with angina pectoris of New York Heart Association functional class III or IV. The antianginal pharmacological treatment given at entry to the study was regarded as optimal and was not changed during the study. The effects of epidural spinal electrical stimulation(More)
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) significantly reduces the frequency of partial seizures in refractory epilepsy patients. We examined the serious adverse events, side effects, and tolerability as they relate to the surgical implant procedure and the stimulating device. We also reviewed potential drug interactions, device output complications, and impact of the(More)