Learn More
Diaryl tellurides were found efficiently to retard azo-initiated lipid peroxidation of linoleic acid in methanol. The most efficient compounds, 31 and 39, contained one and two hydroxyl groups, respectively, in the para positions and methyl groups in all four positions ortho to tellurium. As determined by the values of n.kinh, these materials were as(More)
The thioredoxin system (NADPH, thioredoxin reductase/ thioredoxin) is important for cancer cell growth and inhibition of apoptosis and presents an attractive target for anticancer drug development. Thioredoxin reductase is a selenocysteine-containing flavoenzyme that catalyzes the reduction of oxidized thioredoxin. This enzyme could therefore be used for(More)
Antioxidant activities of 3-[4-(N,N-dimethylamino) benzenetellurenyl]propanesulfonic acid sodium salt (NDBT) were evaluated in solution, red blood cells, synaptosomal membranes, and cultured hippocampal neuronal cells after exposure to peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) and hydroxyl radicals. The organotellurium compound NDBT possesses significant activity towards(More)
The metallic group XVIa elements selenium and tellurium possess remarkably similar chemical properties. However, unlike selenium, tellurium is not an essential micronutrient and, indeed, induces both acute and chronic toxicity in a variety of species. Despite this, very little is known of the molecular mechanisms of toxicity of tellurium, particularly with(More)
Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), a NADPH-dependent disulfide oxidoreductase, is vital in numerous cellular processes including defence against reactive oxygen species, cell proliferation and signal transduction. TrxRs occur in 2 forms, a high Mr enzyme characterized by those of mammals, the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum and some worms, and a low Mr(More)
Diaryl tellurides carrying electron-donating substituents in the para positions were found to efficiently inhibit peroxidation of rat hepatocytes, rat liver microsomes and a chlorobenzene solution of phosphatidylcholine. The most active compound in the microsomal assay, bis(4-dimethylaminophenyl) telluride, showed an IC50-value of 30 nM. This compound also(More)
Thioredoxin is a redox protein found overexpressed in some human tumors. Thioredoxin is secreted by tumor cells and enhances the sensitivity of the cancer cells to other growth factors. Redox activity is essential for stimulation of cell growth by thioredoxin. Cells transfected with thioredoxin cDNA show increased tumor growth and decreased apoptosis in(More)
6-(Ethylthio)-, 6-(ethylseleno)-, and 6-(ethyltelluro)-2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline-three heavier chalcogen analogues of ethoxyquin-were prepared by dilithiation of the corresponding 6-bromodihydroquinoline followed either by treatment with the corresponding diethyl dichalcogenide (sulfur derivative) or by insertion of selenium/tellurium into the(More)
Water-soluble diorganyl tellurides of the alkyl aryl or dialkyl type were prepared by treatment of mono-6-tosyl-beta-cyclodextrin with sodium alkanetellurolates or arenetellurolates or sodium telluride. The novel cyclodextrin-derived organotelluriums were evaluated for their capacity to catalyze the reduction of hydrogen peroxide, tert-butyl hydroperoxide,(More)
Thioredoxin (Trx) expression is increased in several human primary cancers and the Trx/Trx reductase (TrxR) system therefore provides an attractive target for cancer drug development. Novel organotellurium antioxidants, especially a primitive analog of vitamin E (compound 1d) and compounds 7, 9 and 10--all carrying highly functionalized(More)