Lars Carlsson

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The tibial components in 143 patients with total knee replacements performed before 1988 were assessed for micromotion using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) over a period of 13 years. The fixation of the prostheses remained clinically sound in all cases, although revision had been required for other reasons in seven. In a second group taken(More)
The mammalian pancreas is a mixed exocrine and endocrine gland that, in most species, arises from ventral and dorsal buds which subsequently merge to form the pancreas. In both mouse and rat the first histological sign of morphogenesis of the dorsal pancreas is a dorsal evagination of the duodenum at the level of the liver at around the 22-25-somite stage,(More)
BACKGROUND Prolongation of action potential duration (APD) is considered a major antiarrhythmic mechanism (class 2I), but paradoxically, it frequently is also proarrhythmic (torsade de pointes). METHODS AND RESULTS The cardiac electrophysiological effects of 702 chemicals (class 2I or HERG channel block) were studied in 1071 rabbit Langendorff-perfused(More)
Today, aseptic loosening is the most common cause of revision of major arthroplasties. Aseptic loosening accounts for more than two-thirds of hip revisions and almost one-half of knee revisions in Sweden. Several theories on the cause of aseptic loosening have been proposed. Most of these theories, however, are based on empiric observations, experimental(More)
Obesity has become a major worldwide challenge to public health, owing to an interaction between the Western 'obesogenic' environment and a strong genetic contribution. Recent extensive genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified numerous single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with obesity, but these loci together account for only a small(More)
When low doses of clofilium were administered to conscious rabbits, ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT) with features typical of torsades de pointes developed. This arrhythmia was further studied and characterized in chloralose-anesthetized rabbits. In 20 of 20 rabbits, VT developed after a mean cumulative dose of 0.53 +/- 0.04 mumol/kg clofilium, provided an(More)
Fifty-three consecutive patients (57 knees; mean age, 69 years) entered a prospective randomized study to compare the fixation of hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated (29 knees) with cemented (28 knees) tibial components in the Tricon II total knee arthroplasty. The quality of the fixation during 5 years postoperatively was evaluated with radiostereometric analysis(More)
In the present study the electrophysiological characteristics and the proarrhythmic potential of cisapride and a structurally related drug, mosapride, were compared. In the anesthetized guinea pig, cisapride and d-sotalol (0.01-10 micromol/kg i.v., n = 6) dose-dependently prolonged the duration of the monophasic action potential recorded from the left(More)
Predictive metabolism methods can be used in drug discovery projects to enhance the understanding of structure-metabolism relationships. The present study uses data mining methods to exploit biotransformation data that have been recorded in the MDL Metabolite database. Reacting center fingerprints were derived from a comparison of substrates and their(More)
Models have been developed that allow the biological activity of a DNA segment to be altered in a desired direction. Partial least squares projections to latent structures (PLS) was used to establish a quantitative model between a numerical description of 68 bp fragments of 25 E.coli promoters and their corresponding quantitative measure of in vivo(More)