Lars Bräuer

Learn More
Conventional continuing education in microscopic anatomy, histopathology, hematology and microbiology has hitherto been carried out using numerous sets of sectioned tissue specimens in a microscopy laboratory. In comparison, after digitalization of the sections it would be possible to access teaching specimens via virtual microscopy and the internet at any(More)
General thermodynamic calculations using the semiempiric PM3 method have led to the conclusion that prenyldiphosphate converting enzymes require at least one divalent metal cation for the activation and cleavage of the diphosphate-prenyl ester bond, or they must provide structural elements for the efficient stabilization of the intermediate prenyl cation.(More)
The membrane-bound enzyme 4-hydroxybenzoic acid oligoprenyltransferase (ubiA) from E. coli is crucial for the production of ubiquinone, the essential electron carrier in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. On the basis of previous modeling analyses, amino acids identified as important in two putative active sites (1 and 2) were selectively mutated. All(More)
4-hydroxybenzoate oligoprenyltransferase of E. coli, encoded in the gene ubiA, is an important key enzyme in the biosynthetic pathway to ubiquinone. It catalyzes the prenylation of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid in position 3 using an oligoprenyl diphosphate as a second substrate. Up to now, no X-ray structure of this oligoprenyltransferase or any structurally(More)
The subglottic region of the larynx is of high clinical relevance with regard to infections and malignancies. Little is known about the distribution of mucins and antimicrobial substances in this area. In this study, we have investigated the mucin distribution in the normal subglottis of the larynx. Moreover, we analysed the expression of lysozyme and(More)
Human β-defensins are cationic peptides produced by epithelial cells that have been proposed to be an important component of immune function at mucosal surfaces. In this study, the expression and inducibility of β-defensins at the ocular surface were investigated in vitro and in vivo. Expression of human β-defensins (hBD) was determined by RT-PCR and(More)
Burnout and stress-related mental disorders (depression, anxiety) occur in medical students and physicians with a significantly higher prevalence than in the general population. At the same time, the learning of coping mechanisms against stress is still not an integral part of medical education. In this pilot study we developed an elective course for(More)
Surfactant proteins (SP), originally known from human lung surfactant, are essential to proper respiratory function in that they lower the surface tension of the alveoli. They are also important components of the innate immune system. The functional significance of these proteins is currently reflected by a very large and growing number of publications. The(More)
The lung constantly interacts with numerous pathogens. Thus, complex local immune defence mechanisms are essential to recognise and dispose of these intruders. This work describes the detection, characterisation and three-dimensional structure of a novel protein of the lung (surfactant-associated protein 3 (SFTA3/SP-H)) with putative immunological features.(More)
To analyse the effects of long-term memantine treatment on the retinal physiology and morphology of DBA/2J mice. DBA/2J (D2J) mice received i.p. injections of the NMDA receptor antagonist memantine, which protects neurons from abnormally elevated glutamate levels, twice a day over a period of 7 months. At the age of 2, 6 and 10 months, the intraocular(More)