Lars Ake Idahl

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The transport and oxidation of glucose, the content of fructose 1,6-diphosphate, and the release of insulin were studied in microdissected pancreatic islets of ob/ob mice incubated in Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate medium. Under control conditions glucose oxidation and insulin release showed a similar dependence on glucose concentration with the steepest slope in(More)
Insulin release and the content of cAMP were studied in microdissected pancreatic islets of noninbred ob/ob (obese) mice. In the absence of 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, 20 mM glucose had no effect on cAMP save a very small initial rise detectable by a freeze-stop perifusion technique only. However, combined with this(More)
The effects of p-chloromercuribenzoic acid and chloromercuribenzene-p-sulphonic acid on pancreatic islets were studied in vitro. Obese-hyperglycaemic mice were used as the source of microdissected islets containing more than 90% beta-cells. p-Chloromercuribenzoic acid and chloromercuribenzene-p-sulphonic acid stimulated insulin release at concentrations of(More)
The effects of thiol compounds on insulin release were studied in microdissected pancreatic islets of non-inbred ob/ob micemin control experiments the reactivity of thiols against 6,6'-dithiodinicotinic acid and the degradation of mouse insulin were measured. At a concentration of 0.1 mM, 1-thio-D-glucose or reduced glutathione potentiated the(More)
Insulin content and release were measured from hand-dissected pancreatic islets from noninbred ob/ob mice after 1-5 wk storage in tissue culture medium 199 at various temperatures and glucose concentrations. After storage of islets for 1 wk at 37 degrees, 22 degrees, or 8 degrees C in 18 mM glucose medium and preincubation with 1 mM glucose,(More)
ATP and luciferin are not only substrates of firefly luciferase, but can, in addition, modulate its activity. High concentrations of luciferin induce a conformational change of the enzyme that temporarily reduces the catalytic rate. Re-activation takes approx. 20 min and is independent of variation in the concentration of enzyme or ATP, but lengthens with(More)
The role of mitochondria in stimulus-secretion coupling of pancreatic beta-cells was examined using methyl pyruvate (MP). MP stimulated insulin secretion in the absence of glucose, with maximal effect at 5 mM. K+ (30 mM) alone, or in combination with diazoxide (100 microM), failed to enhance MP-induced secretion. Diazoxide (100 microM) inhibited MP-induced(More)
Treatment of patients after organ transplantation with the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporin A (CsA) is often accompanied by impaired glucose tolerance, thus promoting the development of diabetes mellitus. In the present article we show that 2 to 5 microM CsA diminishes glucose-induced insulin secretion of isolated mouse pancreatic islets in vitro by(More)