Lars Øivind Høiseth

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BACKGROUND Respiratory variations in pulse pressure (ΔPP) predict fluid responsiveness during mechanical ventilation. Variations in pulse oximetry plethysmography amplitude (ΔPOP) are proposed as a non-invasive alternative. Large variations in ΔPOP and poor agreement between ΔPP and ΔPOP are found in intensive care unit patients. General anaesthesia is(More)
BACKGROUND Aortic stenosis is the most common valvular disease in developed countries, but it carries an increased mortality during non-cardiac surgery underscoring the importance of adequate hemodynamic management. Further, haemodynamic management of patients immediately after surgery for aortic stenosis can be challenging. Prediction of fluid(More)
BACKGROUND Few data exist on dynamic variables predicting fluid responsiveness during laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of laparoscopy on four dynamic variables: respiratory variations in pulse pressure (ΔPP), stroke volume variation by Vigileo/FloTrac (SVV (Vigileo) ), pleth variability index (PVI) and respiratory(More)
The purpose of this analysis was to study agreement and trending of stroke volume measured by oesophageal Doppler and 3rd generation Vigileo during fluid loads in patients with severe aortic stenosis. Observational study in 32 patients (30 analyzed) scheduled for aortic valve replacement due to severe aortic stenosis. After induction of anesthesia and(More)
BACKGROUND Jehovah's Witnesses refuse transfusions of the main blood components. This challenges the safety of performing major surgical procedures. At the Norwegian Radium Hospital, we have taken the views of Jehovah's Witnesses regarding blood transfusions into account when planning major surgical procedures and perform these without such transfusions. We(More)
Background. Correct volume management is essential in patients with respiratory failure. We investigated the ability of respiratory variations in noninvasive pulse pressure (ΔPP), photoplethysmographic waveform amplitude (ΔPOP), and pleth variability index (PVI) to reflect hypovolemia during noninvasive positive pressure ventilation by inducing hypovolemia(More)
BACKGROUND Changes in cardiac power parameters incorporate changes in both aortic flow and blood pressure. We hypothesized that dynamic and non-dynamic cardiac power parameters would track hypovolemia better than equivalent flow- and pressure parameters, both during spontaneous breathing and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV). METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES Tissue oxygen saturation and peripheral perfusion index are proposed as early indirect markers of hypovolemia in trauma patients. Hypovolemia is associated with increased sympathetic nervous activity. However, many other stimuli, such as pain, also increase sympathetic activity. Since pain is often present in trauma patients, its effect on the(More)
Respiratory variations in the photoplethysmographic waveform amplitude predict fluid responsiveness under certain conditions. Processing of the photoplethysmographic signal may vary between different devices, and may affect respiratory amplitude variations calculated by the standard formula. The aim of the present analysis was to explore agreement between(More)
OBJECTIVES Norepinephrine is used to increase mean arterial pressure during cardiopulmonary bypass. However, it has been suggested that norepinephrine could constrict cerebral arteries, reducing cerebral blood flow. The aim of this study, therefore, was to explore whether there was an association between doses of norepinephrine to maintain mean arterial(More)