Larry T. Mahoney

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Deterioration in endothelial function and arterial stiffness are early events in the development of cardiovascular diseases. In adults, noninvasive measures of atherosclerosis have become established as valid and reliable tools for refining cardiovascular risk to target individuals who need early intervention. With limited pediatric data, the use of these(More)
Introduction Epidemiology of Hypertension Throughout the world, 1 in every 4 adults suffers from hypertension,1 a disease that contributes to 49% of ischemic heart disease and 62% of strokes worldwide. Inadequately controlled hypertension is currently the number one attributable risk for death across the globe.2 Data from the Framingham Heart Study predict(More)
To the Editor: The members of the Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in the Young Committee of the American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young believe it is of clinical importance to point out a discrepancy in the cuff size section of the recent American Heart Association Scientific Statement “Recommendations for Blood(More)
The Computer Science Application (CSA) accelerometer uses integrated circuitry and memory to provide a continuous recording of minute-by-minute movement counts. It has been previously validated as an objective monitor of children's physical activity in field and laboratory settings. Our purpose was to derive accelerometry summary variables reflective of(More)
PURPOSE Physical fitness and physical activity tracking data enhance our understanding as to when children settle into their long-term exercise and fitness patterns and, therefore. provide insight as to when programs focusing on preventing sedentary adults behaviors should be initiated. METHODS In this paper, the tracking of physical fitness and physical(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to estimate the prevalence of coronary artery calcification in young adult men and women and to examine the association between the presence of coronary artery calcification and coronary risk factors measured in childhood and young adult life. BACKGROUND Electron beam computed tomography is a sensitive, noninvasive(More)
BACKGROUND Increased carotid intimal-medial thickness (IMT) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) are used as 2 markers of early atherosclerosis. Our objectives were to assess whether increased IMT and CAC are related and to determine the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and carotid IMT in young adults. METHODS AND RESULTS A sample of(More)
Lipids and lipoproteins have been associated with breast cancer risk; however, published results have been inconsistent. To clarify these associations, we measured fasting lipids in women undergoing breast biopsies. A case-control study examined the association of fasting levels of lipids with histologically defined breast cancer risk. Four groups of(More)
The public health implications of reducing or preventing the excess increase in blood pressure and the acquisition of obesity during childhood years are important. Many children with high blood pressure, particularly those who are initially obese or become obese as young adults and those with excess left ventricular mass for body size, become adults with(More)
In adult populations, elevated blood pressure is related to the development of stroke, renal disease, and occlusive atherosclerosis. The significance of blood pressure levels in childhood, unless extremely elevated, has not been related to disease outcomes. In a study carried out in Muscatine, Iowa, the risk of high blood pressure in young adult life was(More)